AACR 2024 | Ascentage Pharma Presents Results from Three Studies at 2024 American Association of Cancer Research Annual Meeting

ROCKVILLE, Md. and SUZHOU, China, April 7, 2024 /PRNewswire/ -- Ascentage Pharma (6855.HK), a global biopharmaceutical company engaged in developing novel therapies for cancer, age-related diseases, and chronic hepatitis B (CHB), announced today that it releases the latest results from three preclinical studies of its novel drug candidates olverembatinib, MDM2-p53 inhibitor alrizomadlin (R&D Code: APG-115), FAK/ALK/ROS1 tyrosine kinase inhibitor APG-2449, and embryonic ectoderm development (EED) inhibitor APG-5918, at the 2024 American Association of Cancer Research Annual Meeting (AACR 2024). This year's AACR annual meeting will be held from April 5-10 2024, in San Diego, California, USA.

"We are pleased to present the preclinical research data of four assets in our pipeline at the AACR 2024. The results provided essential support for the potential clinical development and therapeutic combinations of these compounds in SDH-deficient neoplasms, prostate cancer, and ovarian cancer," said Dr. Yifan Zhai, Chief Medical Officer of Ascentage Pharma. "Moving forward, we will continue to advance these programs toward the clinical stage in order to bring more treatment options to patients in need."

The details of these three preclinical studies are as follows:

Olverembatinib, a novel multikinase inhibitor, demonstrates superior antitumor activity in succinate dehydrogenase (SDH)-deficient neoplasms

Abstract#: 1971

Time: Monday April 8, 2024, 9:00 AM - 12:30 PM (Pacific Time)

Introduction:

  • Succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) – deficient (dSDH) neoplasms are identified by the loss of immunohistochemical expression of SDHB due to the bi-allelic inactivation of any of the four components of mitochondrial SDH complex (SDH A-D).
  • Succinate accumulation, due to SDH deficiency, is involved in tumorigenesis of different types of cancers including gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST), paraganglioma, pheochromocytoma, renal cell carcinoma, pituitary adenomas, and pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors.
  • The prognosis of patients with dSDH neoplasia, especially GIST, is poor and approved tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) have limited efficacy. There is a high unmet medical need for these patients.
  • Olverembatinib, a novel multi-kinase inhibitor, targets a broad spectrum of kinases and has demonstrated promising efficacy in dSDH GIST patients in an ongoing phase I clinical trial. In this study, we assessed antitumor effects of olverembatinib in preclinical models of dSDH cancers and dSDH GIST primary tumor cells, and explored potential mechanisms of action.

Conclusions:

  • Olverembatinib showed superior anti-tumor activity in dSDH cell lines in vitro and human dSDH GIST primary tumor cells ex vivo.
  • Olverembatinib, as a multi-target kinase inhibitor, exerted antitumor effects by modulating multiple signaling pathways including hypoxia, angiogenesis, apoptosis, proliferation, and survival, which are involved in tumorigenesis of dSDH cancers.
  • Olverembatinib demonstrated more potent in vivo antitumor activity in mice bearing PC12#5F7 (SDHB KD) xenograft tumors than other TKIs. Western blot analysis in tumor tissues collected from mice further confirmed the modulation of the signal pathways by olverembatinib observed in cell lines.
  • In summary, the results provide a rationale for future clinical development of olverembatinib in dSDH cancers.

Embryonic ectoderm development (EED) inhibitor APG-5918 (EEDi-5273) and MDM2 inhibitor alrizomadlin (APG-115) synergistically inhibit tumor growth in preclinical models of prostate cancer (PCa)

Abstract#: 3223

Time: Monday April 8, 2024, 1:30 PM - 5:00 PM (Pacific Time)

Introduction:

  • Prostate cancer (PCa) is one of the most frequently diagnosed malignancies among elderly males. Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) with or without androgen receptor (AR) inhibitors is widely used as initial treatment for advanced PCa. However, most ADT-treated patients eventually develop castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC), which is in urgent need of novel therapies.
  • Polycomb repressive complexes 2 (PRC2) dysregulation is common in PCa and correlates with poor prognosis. PRC2 mediates histone H3 lysine 27 tri-methylation (H3K27me3), a repressive epigenetic marker for gene transcription. embryonic ectoderm development (EED), a PRC2 core component, is crucial for histone methyltransferase activity through direct binding to H3K27me3.
  • MDM2, a negative regulator of the tumor suppressor p53, is frequently amplified or overexpressed in PCa, and associated with poor clinical outcomes and metastasis.
  • The aim of this study was to evaluate antitumor activity and molecular mechanisms of the investigational, clinical-stage EED inhibitor APG-5918/EEDi-5273 and MDM2 selective inhibitor alrizomadlin (APG-115) in PCa preclinical models

Conclusions:

  • In PCa preclinical models, the combination of APG-5918 and alrizomadlin synergistically inhibited cellular proliferation and induced cellular apoptosis.
  • APG-5918 in combination with alrizomadlin synergistically enhanced antitumor activity in PCa xenograft models in vivo.
  • Mechanistically, PD analysis revealed that APG-5918 downregulated the oncogenic DNA methylation factors (UHRF1, DNMT1) and histone methylation marker H3K27me3. Alrizomadlin markedly downregulated UHRF1 and DNMT1, and upregulated p53 and p21 expression. Combined treatment further enhanced downregulation of DNMT1, UHRF1, cell cycle pathway proteins (pRb, CDK6), antiapoptotic protein MCL-1, and synergistically increased cleavage of PARP-1, a marker of apoptosis.
  • Therefore, the findings provide a scientific rationale for future clinical development of APG-5918 and alrizomadlin to treat patients with PCa.

APG-2449, a novel focal adhesion kinase (FAK) inhibitor, inhibits metastasis and enhances the antitumor efficacy of PEGylated liposome doxorubicin (PLD) in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC)

Abstract#: 4569

Time: Tuesday April 9, 2024, 9:00 AM - 12:30 PM (Pacific Time)

Introduction:

  • Ovarian cancer is among the leading causes of cancer-related death in women, and most cases are diagnosed at later stages with distant metastasis.
  • FAK overexpression or activation occurs in a substantial proportion of epithelial ovarian cancers (EOCs) and is predictive of poor clinical outcomes.
  • FAK plays an important role in cell migration and chemoresistance, rendering FAK inhibition a promising treatment approach to reduce metastasis of tumor cells and sensitize them to chemotherapy. FAK is therefore emerging as a potential treatment target.
  • The aim of this study was to evaluate the antitumor efficacy of investigational APG-2449, a novel FAK inhibitor, combined with PLD, a commonly used chemotherapy, in relapsed or refractory ovarian cancer.

Conclusions:

  • APG-2449 combined with doxorubicin showed synergistic antiproliferative effects in both platinum-resistant and platinum-sensitive ovarian cancer cell lines.
  • FAK inhibition via APG-2449 alone attenuated migration of ovarian cancer cells in a dose-dependent manner.
  • APG-2449 in combination with PLD showed enhanced antitumor activity in platinum-resistant OVCAR-3 ovarian cancer CDX model.
  • The combination regimen prolonged ascites-free and survival times in the ID8-Luc peritoneal syngeneic model.
  • These promising results support the future clinical development of this combination treatment for ovarian cancer.

About Ascentage Pharma

Ascentage Pharma (6855.HK) is a globally focused biopharmaceutical company engaged in developing novel therapies for cancers, chronic hepatitis B, and age-related diseases. On October 28, 2019, Ascentage Pharma was listed on the Main Board of the Stock Exchange of Hong Kong Limited with the stock code 6855.HK.

Ascentage Pharma focuses on developing therapeutics that inhibit protein-protein interactions to restore apoptosis, or programmed cell death. The company has built a pipeline of 9 clinical drug candidates, including novel, highly potent Bcl-2, and dual Bcl-2/Bcl-xL inhibitors, as well as candidates aimed at IAP and MDM2-p53 pathways, and next-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). Ascentage Pharma is also the only company in the world with active clinical programs targeting all three known classes of key apoptosis regulators. The company is conducting more than 40 Phase I/II clinical trials in the US, Australia, Europe, and China. Ascentage Pharma has been designated for multiple Major National R&D Projects, including five Major New Drug Projects, one New Drug Incubator status, four Innovative Drug Programs, and one Major Project for the Prevention and Treatment of Infectious Diseases.

Olverembatinib, the company's core drug candidate developed for the treatment of drug-resistant chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and the company's first approved product, has been granted Priority Review Designations and Breakthrough Therapy Designations by the Center for Drug Evaluation (CDE) of China National Medical Products Administration (NMPA). To date, the drug had been included into the China 2022 National Reimbursement Drug List (NRDL). Furthermore, olverembatinib has been granted an Orphan Drug Designation (ODD) and a Fast Track Designation (FTD) by the US FDA, and an Orphan Designation by the EMA of the EU. To date, Ascentage Pharma has obtained a total of 16 ODDs from the US FDA and 1 Orphan Designation from the EMA of the EU for 4 of the company's investigational drug candidates.

Leveraging its robust R&D capabilities, Ascentage Pharma has built a portfolio of global intellectual property rights and entered into global partnerships with numerous renowned biotechnology and pharmaceutical companies and research institutes such as UNITY Biotechnology, MD Anderson Cancer Center, Mayo Clinic, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, MSD, and AstraZeneca. The company has built a talented team with global experience in the discovery and development of innovative drugs and is setting up its world-class commercial manufacturing and Sales & Marketing teams. One pivotal aim of Ascentage Pharma is to continuously strengthen its R&D capabilities and accelerate its clinical development programs, in order to fulfil its mission of addressing unmet clinical needs in China and around the world for the benefit of more patients.

Forward-Looking Statements

The forward-looking statements made in this article relate only to the events or information as of the date on which the statements are made in this article. Except as required by law, Ascentage Pharma undertakes no obligation to update or revise publicly any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events, or otherwise, after the date on which the statements are made or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events. You should read this article completely and with the understanding that our actual future results or performance may be materially different from what we expect. In this article, statements of, or references to, our intentions or those of any of our Directors or our Company are made as of the date of this article. Any of these intentions may alter in light of future development.

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SOURCE Ascentage Pharma


Company Codes: HongKong:6855

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