Puma Biotechnology Presents Interim Results of Phase Ib/II FB-10 Trial of PB272 in Combination with Trastuzumab Emtansine (T-DM1) in HER2-Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer at the 2018 ASCO Annual Meeting
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The FB-10 study is an open-label, single arm study with a dose escalation phase and an expanded cohort phase to evaluate patients with HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer who had previously been treated with chemotherapy and the combination of trastuzumab (Herceptin) and pertuzumab (Perjeta). The primary aim of the Phase Ib portion of the study is to determine the safety and tolerability of the two-drug combination. The primary aim of the Phase II portion of the study is to demonstrate efficacy at the recommended Phase II dose of T-DM1 and neratinib. Study treatment during the Phase Ib portion consisted of the standard dose of T-DM1 at 3.6 mg/kg administered intravenously every 3 weeks and neratinib administered orally at escalating doses of 120, 160, 200 and 240 mg per day continuously. Primary diarrhea prophylaxis with high dose loperamide was administered to all patients. As of the date of the presentation, the study had enrolled 27 patients. Total study enrollment will be a maximum of 63 patients.
For the 20 patients who were evaluable for efficacy, the interim objective response (CR/PR) rate was 60%. More specifically, the efficacy results from the trial demonstrated that 3 patients had a complete response (CR); 9 patients had a partial response (PR); 2 patients had stable disease (SD); and 6 patients had progressive disease (PD). In addition, the poster presentation is available on the Puma Biotechnology website.
The interim safety results of the 27 patients with available safety assessments showed that the most frequently observed grade 3 adverse events were diarrhea, nausea, thrombocytopenia and hypertension. More specifically, grade 3 diarrhea was reported in 6 patients (22%), grade 3 nausea was reported in 3 patients (11%), grade 3 thrombocytopenia was reported in 4 patients (15%), and grade 3 hypertension was reported in 3 patients (11%). There was 1 dose limiting toxicity (DLT) at the 120 mg dose (1 of 6 patients), 3 DLTs at the 200 mg dose (3 of 8 patients) and 2 DLTs at the 240 mg dose (2 of 3 patients). There was no DLT for the 10 patients enrolled at the 160 mg dose. The Phase II portion of the trial is being conducted at the recommended Phase II dose of 160 mg of neratinib per day.
Dr. Jame Abraham, Director of the Breast Oncology Program at Taussig Cancer Institute, Professor of Medicine at Cleveland Clinic, and principal investigator of the study, said, “We are encouraged by these initial findings and we look forward to continuing to enroll patients in the Phase II portion of the trial to further evaluate the safety and efficacy of the combination of T-DM1 and neratinib in this patient population.”
Alan H. Auerbach, Chief Executive Officer and President of Puma Biotechnology, said, “We are pleased to see the high interim objective response rate of the combination of T-DM1 and neratinib in this study’s patient population who were previously treated with both pertuzumab and trastuzumab. We look forward to continued enrollment in the Phase II portion of this trial.”
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION
NERLYNX ® (neratinib) tablets, for oral use
INDICATIONS AND USAGE: NERLYNX is a kinase inhibitor indicated for the extended adjuvant treatment of adult patients with early-stage HER2 overexpressed/amplified breast cancer, to follow adjuvant trastuzumab-based therapy.
WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS:
- Diarrhea: Aggressively manage diarrhea occurring despite recommended prophylaxis with additional antidiarrheals, fluids, and electrolytes as clinically indicated. Withhold NERLYNX in patients experiencing severe and/or persistent diarrhea. Permanently discontinue NERLYNX in patients experiencing Grade 4 diarrhea or Grade ≥ 2 diarrhea that occurs after maximal dose reduction.
- Hepatotoxicity: Monitor liver function tests monthly for the first 3 months of treatment, then every 3 months while on treatment and as clinically indicated. Withhold NERLYNX in patients experiencing Grade 3 liver abnormalities and permanently discontinue NERLYNX in patients experiencing Grade 4 liver abnormalities.
- Embryo-Fetal Toxicity: NERLYNX can cause fetal harm. Advise patients of potential risk to a fetus and to use effective contraception.
ADVERSE REACTIONS: The most common adverse reactions (≥ 5%) were diarrhea, nausea, abdominal pain, fatigue, vomiting, rash, stomatitis, decreased appetite, muscle spasms, dyspepsia, AST or ALT increase, nail disorder, dry skin, abdominal distention, epistaxis, weight decreased and urinary tract infection.
- Gastric acid reducing agents: Avoid concomitant use with proton pump inhibitors (PPI) and H2-receptor antagonists. Separate NERLYNX by 3 hours after antacid dosing.
- Strong or moderate CYP3A4 inhibitors: Avoid concomitant use.
- Strong or moderate CYP3A4 inducers: Avoid concomitant use.
- P-glycoprotein (P-gp) substrates: Monitor for adverse reactions of narrow therapeutic agents that are P-gp substrates when used concomitantly with NERLYNX.
USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS:
- Lactation: Advise women not to breastfeed.
Please see Full Prescribing Information for additional safety information.
The recommended dose of NERLYNX is 240 mg (six 40 mg tablets) given orally once daily with food, continuously for one year. Antidiarrheal prophylaxis should be initiated with the first dose of NERLYNX and continued during the first 2 months (56 days) of treatment and as needed thereafter.
To help ensure patients have access to NERLYNX, Puma has implemented the Puma Patient Lynx support program to assist patients and healthcare providers with reimbursement support and referrals to resources that can help with financial assistance. More information on the Puma Patient Lynx program can be found at www.NERLYNX.com or 1-855-816-5421.
About Puma Biotechnology
Puma Biotechnology, Inc. is a biopharmaceutical company with a focus on the development and commercialization of innovative products to enhance cancer care. The Company in-licenses the global development and commercialization rights to three drug candidates — PB272 (neratinib, oral), PB272 (neratinib, intravenous) and PB357. Neratinib, oral was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in July 2017 for the extended adjuvant treatment of adult patients with early stage HER2-overexpressed/amplified breast cancer, following adjuvant trastuzumab-based therapy, and is marketed in the United States as NERLYNX® (neratinib) tablets. NERLYNX is a registered trademark of Puma Biotechnology, Inc.
Further information about Puma Biotechnology can be found at www.pumabiotechnology.com.
This news release contains forward-looking statements, including statements regarding the enrollment in the Phase II portion of the trial of PB272 in combination with T-DM1 in HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer, efficacy and safety of the combination of neratinib and T-DM1, benefits of neratinib the potential indications of our drug candidates and the development of our drug candidates, including, but not limited to, the anticipated timing for the commencement and completion of various clinical trials and announcement of data relative to these trials. All statements other than historical facts are forward–looking statements and are based on our current expectations, forecasts and assumptions. Forward–looking statements involve risks and uncertainties that could cause our actual results to differ materially from the anticipated results and expectations expressed in these forward-looking statements. These risk and uncertainties are identified in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017, our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2018 and any subsequent documents we file with the SEC. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date hereof. We assume no obligation to update these forward-looking statements except as required by law.