ORIC Pharmaceuticals Presents Promising Preclinical Data on Two Programs at the 2023 American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Annual Meeting
SOUTH SAN FRANCISCO, Calif. and SAN DIEGO, April 18, 2023 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- ORIC Pharmaceuticals, Inc., (Nasdaq: ORIC), a clinical stage oncology company focused on developing treatments that address mechanisms of therapeutic resistance, presented two preclinical poster presentations at the 2023 American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Annual Meeting.
“Our presentations at AACR reflect the excellent preclinical scientific support of our development pipeline,” said Lori Friedman, PhD, chief scientific officer. “Preclinical data provided insights into the comprehensive biomarker strategy for ORIC-944, our PRC2 inhibitor in Phase 1 as a monotherapy for metastatic prostate cancer. We are also pleased with the progress of our PLK4 program, with data showing that the exquisite kinase selectivity is key to synthetic lethality in tumor models with high TRIM37.”
ORIC-944: allosteric inhibitor of PRC2
ORIC-944 is a potent, orally bioavailable, highly selective allosteric small molecule inhibitor of PRC2, the complex which tri-methylates histone H3 lysine 27 (H3K27me3) via targeting the embryonic ectoderm development (EED) subunit, and is in early clinical development as a monotherapy for patients with metastatic prostate cancer.
Key findings of the presentation:
- Preclinical pharmacology studies in mice showed that ORIC-944 induces dose- and time-dependent H3K27me3 reduction in the skin epidermis, peripheral blood monocytes, and cell free nucleosomes in plasma, with the latter PD modulation being tumor-specific.
- Putative PRC2 target genes were identified via time-dependent transcriptional and epigenetic profiling of xenograft tumor models orally dosed with ORIC-944.
- These studies and corresponding assay development support the comprehensive biomarker strategy of target engagement and pharmacodynamic biomarkers implemented in the ongoing Phase 1 trial of ORIC-944 in patients with metastatic prostate cancer.
PLK4 Inhibitor Program
The PLK4 inhibitor program is a small molecule therapeutic program intended to address a mechanism of innate resistance found in a subset of breast cancers, specifically a synthetic lethal interaction of polo-like kinase 4 (PLK4) inhibition in tumors bearing a TRIM37 DNA amplification/elevation. A novel, potent, highly selective, orally bioavailable PLK4 inhibitor was selected as a development candidate in the fourth quarter of 2022.
Key findings of the presentation:
- ORIC discovered novel, potent, orally bioavailable small molecule inhibitors of PLK4 that are highly selective, including against the closely related aurora kinases and PLK1-3.
- ORIC PLK4 selective inhibitors show greater potency in TRIM37 high cancer cell lines relative to low TRIM37 low cell lines, whereas no differential was observed for non-selective inhibitors.
- Apoptotic cell death was observed solely in TRIM37 high cancer cells for ORIC PLK4 selective inhibitors, in contrast to non-selective inhibitors which did not show this synthetic lethality.
- Using a genetically engineered PLK4 cell line variant (PLK4 G95L) that prevents compound-mediated inhibition of PLK4, selective PLK4 inhibitors lose activity in TRIM37 high G95L cells, confirming on-target cell activity, compared with non-selective inhibitors whose cell potency is not dependent on PLK4 inhibition.
- PLK4 inhibition blocks trans-autophosphorylation and PLK4 protein degradation and correlates with cell viability for selective compounds, and not for non-selective inhibitors.
- Together these mechanistic data confirm the potential of highly selective PLK4 inhibition as a synthetic lethal therapy for TRIM37 amplified/elevated cancers.
About ORIC Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
ORIC Pharmaceuticals is a clinical stage biopharmaceutical company dedicated to improving patients’ lives by Overcoming Resistance In Cancer. ORIC’s clinical stage product candidates include (1) ORIC-533, an orally bioavailable small molecule inhibitor of CD73, a key node in the adenosine pathway believed to play a central role in resistance to chemotherapy- and immunotherapy-based treatment regimens, being developed for multiple myeloma, (2) ORIC-114, a brain penetrant inhibitor designed to selectively target EGFR and HER2 with high potency against exon 20 insertion mutations, being developed across multiple genetically defined cancers, and (3) ORIC-944, an allosteric inhibitor of the polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2) via the EED subunit, being developed for prostate cancer. Beyond these three product candidates, ORIC is also developing multiple precision medicines targeting other hallmark cancer resistance mechanisms. ORIC has offices in South San Francisco and San Diego, California. For more information, please go to www.oricpharma.com, and follow us on Twitter or LinkedIn.
Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
This press release contains forward-looking statements as that term is defined in Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. Statements in this press release that are not purely historical are forward-looking statements. Such forward-looking statements include, among other things, statements regarding the advantages of ORIC’s biomarker strategy for ORIC-944; plans underlying ORIC’s preclinical PLK4 inhibitor program; the potential advantages of ORIC’s product candidates and programs; plans underlying the clinical or preclinical development of any of ORIC’s other programs; and statements by the company’s chief scientific officer. Words such as “believes,” “anticipates,” “plans,” “expects,” “intends,” “will,” “goal,” “potential” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. The forward-looking statements contained herein are based upon ORIC’s current expectations and involve assumptions that may never materialize or may prove to be incorrect. Actual results could differ materially from those projected in any forward-looking statements due to numerous risks and uncertainties, including but not limited to: risks associated with the process of discovering, developing and commercializing drugs that are safe and effective for use as human therapeutics and operating as an early clinical stage company; ORIC’s ability to develop, initiate or complete preclinical studies and clinical trials for, obtain approvals for and commercialize any of its product candidates; changes in ORIC’s plans to develop and commercialize its product candidates; the potential for clinical trials of ORIC-533, ORIC-114, ORIC-944 or any other product candidates to differ from preclinical, initial, interim, preliminary or expected results; negative impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on ORIC’s operations, including clinical trials; the risk of the occurrence of any event, change or other circumstance that could give rise to the termination of ORIC’s license and collaboration agreements; ORIC’s ability to raise any additional funding it will need to continue to pursue its business and product development plans; regulatory developments in the United States and foreign countries; ORIC’s reliance on third parties, including contract manufacturers and contract research organizations; ORIC’s ability to obtain and maintain intellectual property protection for its product candidates; the loss of key scientific or management personnel; competition in the industry in which ORIC operates; general economic and market conditions; and other risks. Information regarding the foregoing and additional risks may be found in the section entitled “Risk Factors” in ORIC’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) on March 16, 2023, and ORIC’s future reports to be filed with the SEC. These forward-looking statements are made as of the date of this press release, and ORIC assumes no obligation to update the forward-looking statements, or to update the reasons why actual results could differ from those projected in the forward-looking statements, except as required by law.