National Report: New York Ranks 23rd in Protecting Kids from Tobacco
WASHINGTON, Dec. 14, 2018 /PRNewswire/ -- New York ranks 23rd nationwide in funding programs that prevent kids from using tobacco and help smokers quit, according to a report released today by leading public health groups. New York is spending $39.8 million this year on tobacco prevention and cessation programs, which is just 19.6 percent of the $203 million recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
The report challenges states to do more to fight tobacco use – the nation's No. 1 preventable cause of death – and to confront the growing epidemic of youth e-cigarette use in America. In New York, 5.5 percent of high school students smoke cigarettes, while 14.5 percent use e-cigarettes. Tobacco use claims 28,200 New York lives and costs the state over $10.3 billion in health care bills annually.
Other key findings include:
- New York will collect $2 billion in revenue this year from the 1998 tobacco settlement and tobacco taxes, but will spend only 2 percent of the money on tobacco prevention programs.
- Tobacco companies spend $199 million each year to market their deadly and addictive products in New York – about 5 times what the state spends on tobacco prevention. Nationwide, tobacco companies spend $9.5 billion a year on marketing – that's over $1 million every hour.
The report – "Broken Promises to Our Children: A State-by-State Look at the 1998 Tobacco Settlement 20 Years Later" – was released by the Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, American Cancer Society Cancer Action Network, American Heart Association (AHA), American Lung Association, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Americans for Nonsmokers' Rights and Truth Initiative. This year marks the 20th anniversary of the landmark 1998 legal settlement between the states and the tobacco companies, which required the companies to pay more than $200 billion over time as compensation for tobacco-related health care costs.
New York has significantly reduced tobacco use with the second highest state cigarette tax ($4.35 per pack), a comprehensive smoke-free law and previously well-funded tobacco prevention and cessation programs. As a result, New York reduced its high school smoking rate from 31.8 percent in 1999 to 5.5 percent in 2017 – one of the lowest rates in the country. However, New York has significantly cut funding for tobacco prevention in recent years and now provides less than 20 percent of the CDC-recommended amount. To keep making progress, health advocates are urging New York leaders to increase funding for tobacco prevention programs and pass a statewide law raising the tobacco sale age to 21. To date, 24 localities have passed Tobacco 21 ordinances, including New York City.
"New York has made great strides in reducing smoking rates, but state leaders cannot let their guard down as tobacco is still the No. 1 cause of preventable death and e-cigarettes threaten to addict another generation," said Matthew L. Myers, President of the Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. "To win this fight, New York should raise the tobacco age to 21 and keep doing its part to make the next generation tobacco-free."
Nationwide, the U.S. has reduced smoking to record lows – 14 percent among adults and 7.6 percent among high school students. But tobacco use still kills more than 480,000 Americans and costs the nation about $170 billion in health care expenses each year. Today's report highlights the need to address large disparities in who still smokes, with smoking rates highest among people with lower income and less education, residents of the Midwest and South, American Indians/Alaska Natives, LGBT Americans, those who are uninsured or on Medicaid, and those with mental illness.
The report also highlights the youth e-cigarette epidemic. Driven by the popularity of Juul, a sleek, easy-to-hide e-cigarette that is sold in sweet flavors and delivers a powerful dose of nicotine, e-cigarette use among U.S. high school students skyrocketed by 78 percent this year to 20.8 percent. In 2018, more than 3.6 million middle and high school students were current e-cigarette users – an alarming increase of 1.5 million in just one year.
By funding tobacco prevention and cessation programs at the CDC's recommended levels, states can reduce tobacco use among all Americans. But most states are falling far short:
- The states will collect $27.3 billion this year from the tobacco settlement and tobacco taxes but will spend only 2.4 percent of it ($655 million) on tobacco prevention programs.
- The $655 million that the states have budgeted for tobacco prevention is a small fraction of the $3.3 billion the CDC recommends. Not a single state funds tobacco prevention programs at CDC-recommended levels, and only two states – Alaska and California – provide even 70 percent of the recommended funding.
- States with well-funded, sustained tobacco prevention programs have seen remarkable progress. Florida, with one of the longest-running programs, has reduced its high school smoking rate to 3.6 percent, one of the lowest rates ever reported by any state.
The report and state-specific information can be found at tfk.org/statereport.
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SOURCE Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids