Cold Agglutinin Disease Associated with Greater Than Twofold Increased Risk of Mortality in First Five Years After Diagnosis
“The results of our survival analysis contribute to the growing body of evidence that indicate that CAD is a more severe disease than previously thought,” said Sigbjørn Berentsen, MD, PhD, Consultant Hematologist, Department of Research and Innovation, Haugesund Hospital in Norway. “The increased mortality from CAD appears to start at disease onset, and the possible effect of earlier treatment in reducing mortality and complications should be explored in future studies.”
CAD is a rare, chronic, and severe blood disease that results in the constant and premature destruction of red blood cells (hemolysis) by the body’s immune system. People with CAD suffer from chronic hemolytic anemia, which is associated with debilitating fatigue, poor quality of life, and life-threatening TEs. There are currently no approved treatments for the disease.
In the survival study, researchers conducted a population-based analysis to identify and characterize CAD patients. Using data from the Danish National Patient Registry, 72 patients with a diagnosis of CAD were compared to a cohort of 720 people without CAD matched for age, gender, and region of residence. The study found that the risk of death was 2.27 times higher in the CAD cohort than in the general population in the first five years from diagnosis. Further, the probability of survival was only 61% among CAD patients five years after diagnosis versus 82% for individuals in the general population cohort.
The study also identified an increased incidence of TEs among CAD patients. This finding is consistent with the largest retrospective study of CAD patients, which was recently presented at the American Society of Hematology annual meeting and found a 55% overall increased rate of TEs such as heart attack and stroke in CAD patients versus matched controls (31% vs. 20%), as well as a statistically significant higher frequency of multiple TEs.
“These data show that greater understanding is required about the risks associated with cold agglutinin disease, and they reinforce the pressing need for an approved and targeted treatment for this life-threatening condition,” said Jaime Morales, MD, FAAP, Executive Director, Medical, Bioverativ. “That is why we are conducting Phase 3 trials of sutimlimab, a novel treatment that has been designed to directly and specifically target CAD.”
Sutimlimab (formerly BIVV009) is an investigational monoclonal antibody designed to inhibit C1s in the classical complement pathway, a part of the immune system that is responsible for activating hemolysis in people with CAD. Sutimlimab has been awarded Breakthrough Therapy Designation by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, and Phase 3 studies are ongoing to determine the safety and efficacy of BIVV009 in primary CAD patients. For more information about the sutimlimab Phase 3 studies, visit clinicaltrials.gov (study numbers: NCT03347396 and NCT03347422).
About Cold Agglutinin Disease (CAD)
CAD is a chronic autoimmune hemolytic anemia in which a part of the body’s immune system called the classical complement pathway mistakenly destroys a person’s own red blood cells (hemolysis). People with CAD suffer from chronic and severe anemia, debilitating fatigue, and have an increased risk of death and life-threatening events such as stroke and heart attack. There are no approved therapies for CAD, which occurs in approximately 16 people per million and affects an estimated 10,000 people in the United States and Europe. Current treatment options are not specific to CAD, carry significant toxicity risks, and often leave patients dependent upon frequent blood transfusions, which can lead to chronic iron overload.
About Sutimlimab (formerly BIVV009)
Sutimlimab (formerly BIVV009) is a breakthrough C1s inhibitor for the treatment of CAD that is currently being studied in Phase 3 clinical trials. A humanized, monoclonal antibody, sutimlimab is designed to target C1s, a serine protease within the C1-complex in the classical complement pathway of the immune system, and directly impacts the central mechanism of hemolysis in CAD. With a unique mechanism of action and high target specificity, sutimlimab is designed to selectively inhibit disease processes in the classical complement pathway while maintaining activity of the alternative and lectin complement pathways, which are important for immune surveillance and other functions.
About Bioverativ, a Sanofi company
Bioverativ, a Sanofi company, is dedicated to transforming the lives of people with hemophilia and other rare blood disorders through world-class research, development, and commercialization of innovative therapies. Bioverativ is committed to actively working with the blood disorders community, and its hemophilia therapies when launched represented the first major advancements in hemophilia treatment in more than two decades. For more information, visit www.bioverativ.com or follow @bioverativ on Twitter.
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Tracy Vineis, +1 781-663-4376
Source: Bioverativ Inc.