National Science Foundation
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About National Science FoundationThe National Science Foundation (NSF) is an independent agency of the U.S. Government, established by the National Science Foundation Act of 1950, as amended, and related legislation, 42 U.S.C. 1861 et seq., and was given additional authority by the Science and Engineering Equal Opportunities Act (42 U.S.C. 1885), and Title I of the Education for Economic Security Act (20 U.S.C. 3911 to 3922).
The Foundation consists of the National Science Board of 24 part-time members and a Director (who also serves as ex officio National Science Board member), each appointed by the President with the advice and consent of the U.S. Senate. Other senior officials include a Deputy Director who is appointed by the President with the advice and consent of the U.S. Senate, and eight Assistant Directors.
The Act established the NSF's mission: To promote the progress of science; to advance the national health, prosperity, and welfare; and to secure the national defense.
The Foundation's organic legislation authorizes it to engage in the following activities:
Initiate and support, through grants and contracts, scientific and engineering research and programs to strengthen scientific and engineering research potential, and education programs at all levels, and appraise the impact of research upon industrial development and the general welfare. Award graduate fellowships in the sciences and in engineering. Foster the interchange of scientific information among scientists and engineers in the United States and foreign countries. Foster and support the development and use of computers and other scientific methods and technologies, primarily for research and education in the sciences. Evaluate the status and needs of the various sciences and engineering and take into consideration the results of this evaluation in correlating its research and educational programs with other Federal and non-Federal programs. Maintain a current register of scientific and technical personnel, and in other ways provide a central clearinghouse for the collection, interpretation, and analysis of data on scientific and technical resources in the United States, and provide a source of information for policy formulation by other Federal agencies. Determine the total amount of Federal money received by universities and appropriate organizations for the conduct of scientific and engineering research, including both basic and applied, and construction of facilities where such research is conducted, but excluding development, and report annually thereon to the President and the Congress. Initiate and support specific scientific and engineering activities in connection with matters relating to international cooperation, national security, and the effects of scientific and technological applications upon society. Initiate and support scientific and engineering research, including applied research, at academic and other nonprofit institutions and, at the direction of the President, support applied research at other organizations. Recommend and encourage the pursuit of national policies for the promotion of basic research and education in the sciences and engineering. Strengthen research and education innovation in the sciences and engineering, including independent research by individuals, throughout the United States. Support activities designed to increase the participation of women and minorities and others under-represented in science and technology.
Last Updated 5-9-01
81 articles with National Science Foundation
Loyola University Biology Professor Wins $50,000 National Science Foundation Grant To Create A Network To Prep Students For Careers In Biotechnology
Spherix Awarded Phase II National Science Foundation SBIR Grant To Support Commercialization Of Total Holographic Characterization
Visikol Receives $225,000 From National Science Foundation To Improve Skeletal Visualization Technology For Developmental & Reproductive Toxicology Studies
Hospi Corporation Receives National Science Foundation Grant To Support Innovative Medication Administration Technology
National Science Foundation Continues Support Of Bacterial Robotics' Non-Surgical Tumor Treatment Product Development
Lumiphore Inc. Advances Its Site-Directed Radiopharmaceutical Development Program With The Receipt Of An National Science Foundation SBIR Phase II Grant
Rheonix, Inc. Receives $500,000 From National Science Foundation to Expand Scope of Automated Molecular Detection System
J. Craig Venter Institute Receives $2.4M Grant From National Science Foundation to Develop Arabidopsis Information Portal (AIP)
National Science Foundation Pumps $25 Million Into Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Artificial Intelligence Center
Parabon NanoLabs Awarded National Science Foundation Grant for Development of Cancer Therapeutic With Industry Partner Janssen Research & Development
Akonni Biosystems Awarded $500,000 Phase 2 National Science Foundation Grant to Develop Lab-on-a-Film™ Microarray Device