Study Shows Guardant Reveal™ Blood-Only Liquid Biopsy Test Predicts Risk for Colorectal Cancer Recurrence with Industry-Leading Sensitivity
The single-center, prospective study evaluated the effectiveness of the Guardant Reveal liquid biopsy test to detect MRD in patients with stage I-IV colorectal cancer after curative intent therapy. Blood draws were taken one month after completion of definitive treatment, either surgery or adjuvant therapy, and at various surveillance or monitoring timepoints. Blood samples were analyzed using the Guardant Reveal test, which integrates both cancer-specific epigenomic signatures and genomic alterations, unlike standard MRD tests which analyze only genomic alterations.
In the primary landmark analysis (n=84), blood samples were taken from the curative intent patient population one month (median 31.5 days) after completion of definitive treatment. In the subset of patients with at least one year of clinical follow-up, all patients with detectable ctDNA recurred (100% PPV). Guardant Reveal test sensitivity and specificity were 55.6% and 100% respectively for this single timepoint. By incorporating longitudinal surveillance samples, sensitivity improved to 91%. Integrating epigenomic signatures increased test sensitivity by 36% versus using genomic alterations alone. Additionally, CEA tests, the traditional biomarker for colorectal cancer, did not predict recurrence in this patient cohort.
“The integration of cancer-specific epigenomic and genomic signatures allows Guardant Reveal to detect minimal residual disease in early-stage colorectal cancers with industry-leading performance and without the need for tumor tissue,” said AmirAli Talasaz, Guardant Health president. “We believe that Guardant Reveal can be a powerful decision-making tool for oncologists managing patients with early-stage colorectal cancer. In addition, our blood-only approach offers a more streamlined workflow and faster turnaround time for clinical decision making.”
“By detecting minimal residual disease after curative intent treatment, we can have a better understanding of which patients are at high-risk for recurrence and perhaps tailor additional therapy,” said Aparna Parikh, MD, MPH, Gastrointestinal Oncologist at Massachusetts General Hospital and Assistant Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School. “This study demonstrates that the incorporation of epigenomic signatures with genomic alterations allows for Guardant Reveal to have comparable sensitivity and specificity as tumor informed approaches, but without the need for tumor tissue."
Tissue-dependent MRD tests have previously reported sensitivities of 40%-50% with a single post-surgical blood draw.1,3 When looking only at the subset of patients with stage II or III CRC in this study, Guardant Reveal had a sensitivity of 63% and a specificity of 100% for recurrence. These data show that Guardant Reveal can detect minimal residual disease from a simple blood draw. In addition, the sensitivity of the test increases with additional longitudinal blood draws, allowing for earlier detection of recurrence in the patient surveillance setting compared with standard imaging methods.
The Guardant Reveal test achieves industry-leading sensitivity (91%)2 for detecting ctDNA by simultaneously interrogating genomic and epigenomic alterations. The test accurately identifies genomic alterations down to allele frequencies of 0.01% and effectively filters out biological noise sources such as mutations caused by clonal hematopoiesis. The incorporation of biologically relevant epigenomic signatures is essential to increasing test sensitivity in the post curative intent and surveillance patient populations.
The publication titled, “Minimal Residual Disease Detection using a Plasma-Only Circulating Tumor DNA Assay in Colorectal Cancer Patients” can be found here.
About Guardant Health
Guardant Health is a leading precision oncology company focused on helping conquer cancer globally through use of its proprietary blood tests, vast data sets, and advanced analytics. The Guardant Health oncology platform leverages capabilities to drive commercial adoption, improve patient clinical outcomes and lower healthcare costs across all stages of the cancer care continuum. Guardant Health has commercially launched liquid biopsy-based Guardant360®, Guardant360 CDx, and GuardantOMNI® tests for advanced stage cancer patients, and Guardant Reveal™ test for early-stage cancer patients. These tests fuel development of its LUNAR screening program, which aims to address the needs of asymptomatic individuals eligible for cancer screening and individuals at a higher risk for developing cancer with early detection.
This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of federal securities laws, including statements regarding the potential scope, impact or benefit of Guardant Health liquid biopsies which involve risks and uncertainties that could cause the actual results to differ materially from the anticipated results and expectations expressed in these forward-looking statements. These statements are based on current expectations, forecasts and assumptions, and actual outcomes and results could differ materially from these statements due to a number of factors. These and additional risks and uncertainties that could affect Guardant Health’s financial and operating results and cause actual results to differ materially from those indicated by the forward-looking statements made in this press release include those discussed under the captions “Risk Factors” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operation” and elsewhere in its Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 as well as in its other reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including, when filed, its Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended March 31, 2021. The forward-looking statements in this press release are based on information available to Guardant Health as of the date hereof, and Guardant Health disclaims any obligation to update any forward-looking statements provided to reflect any change in its expectations or any change in events, conditions, or circumstances on which any such statement is based, except as required by law. These forward-looking statements should not be relied upon as representing Guardant Health’s views as of any date subsequent to the date of this press release.
1. Reinert T, Henriksen TV, Christensen E, et al. Analysis of Plasma Cell-Free DNA by Ultradeep Sequencing in Patients With Stages I to III Colorectal Cancer. JAMA Oncology. 2019; 5 (8): 1125-1131.
2. Parikh A, Van Seventer E, Siravegna G, Hartwig A, et al Minimal Residual Disease Detection using a Plasma-Only Circulating Tumor DNA Assay in Colorectal Cancer Patients. Clinical Cancer Research.
3. Tie J, Wang Y, Tomasetti C, Li L, Springer S, et al. Circulating tumor DNA analysis detects minimal residual disease and predicts recurrence in patients with stage II colon cancer. Science Translational Medicine. 2016; 8 (346): 346ra92.
Source: Guardant Health