OKYO Pharma Limited - Interim results for the six months to 30 September 2021

LONDON, Jan. 26, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- OKYO Pharma Limited (LSE: OKYO) a biopharmaceutical company developing next-generation therapeutics to improve the lives of patients with inflammatory eye diseases and chronic pain today announces its interim results for the six months ended 30 September 2021.

Financial Highlights:

  • Total assets decreased to £4.2 million (31 March 2021: £5.1 million)
  • Cash on hand of £3.8 million (31 March 2021: £5.0 million)
  • During the financial period under review, the Company reported a total comprehensive loss of £1.8 million (restated 30 September 2020: total comprehensive loss £0.5 million).

Group Focus:

The Group’s focus is to develop drugs for inflammatory dry eye diseases and ocular pain by targeting G- protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). GPCRs comprise the single largest family of membrane proteins and are involved in a variety of biological processes. Identifying and developing molecules that target GPCRs has proven to be a highly successful approach to the discovery and development of a wide range of drugs to treat cardiovascular disease, cancer and diabetes. Approximately one third of all Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved drugs target members of this family.

OK-101 Project:

During the past six months the Group’s primary focus has been centered around the decision to move OK-101 forward for the filing of an investigational new drug (IND) application with the FDA to treat dry eye disease (DED). The intention is to focus the Company on rapid clinical development of OK-101 to treat DED. To do this, on 29 June 2021, the Group announced that it has retained the services of Ora, Inc., a world-class ophthalmology contract research organization, to guide the company's upcoming product development and lead the regulatory strategy of OK-101 for the treatment of dry eye. OK-101, OKYO’s lead pre-clinical drug candidate is a novel long-acting GPCR-based anti-inflammatory drug candidate.

In the Annual Report and Financial Statements for the year ended 31 March 2021, the company stated that based on the results from the DED animal model and ocular tolerance studies, the company would put in place plans to file an IND on OK-101 to treat DED in the third quarter of 2022. This would enable the company to begin clinical trials with OK-101 as early as one month after submission of the IND to the FDA. To support this work, we signed an agreement in June 2021 with Ora, Inc. which specializes in ophthalmic drug development and who will be providing the following services:

  • Providing quality oversight for development of topical formulation for OK-101;
  • Providing quality oversight for development and qualification of a drug stability analysis method for OK-101 along with conducting stability studies to establish formulated drug product is stable for at least 90 days;
  • Support for completing animal toxicology studies in two animal species;
  • Preparation of the OK-101 Pre-IND briefing document;
  • Support in requesting and preparing for the OK-101 Pre-IND meeting with FDA; and
  • Support for regulatory publishing and submission of IND.

During the months of April through September 2021, the Group began the development of a formulation of OK-101 drug product to be used in future clinical studies, along with initiating a myriad of other necessary elements needed for filing the IND. This includes: 1) development of analytical methods to support clinical trials, 2) toxico-kinetics method development, 3) OK-101 toxicology studies, 4) initiation of scale-up of clinical batch manufacturing of OK-101 required for clinical studies, and 5) batch manufacture of sufficient OK-101 needed to initiate the above IND-enabling studies. To this end, we completed the manufacture of a 200-gram batch of OK-101 drug substance in April 2021 which was needed for initiating the IND-enabling studies.

OK-201 Project:

On 2 February 2018, the company obtained a license agreement from Tufts Medical Center for the right to exploit all the intellectual property claimed in patent application PCT/US2016/0611101 ‘Lipidated BAM8-22 and methods of using same’ including claims covering composition-of-matter and methodology for treating symptoms of neuropathic chronic pain, ocular pain and uveitis-associated pain. The Group has been exploring BAM8-22 analogs that have potential to ameliorate inflammation and neuropathic pain. OK-201 is the lead compound from the license agreement with Tufts Medical Center and was the focus of the company’s efforts to develop a lipidated BAM8-22 analogue to treat neuropathic pain.

On 6 August 2019, a collaborative agreement was signed with Pedram Hamrah, MD, Professor of Ophthalmology at Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA to evaluate the Group’s BAM8-22 analogues, including OK-201, as non-opioid analgesics to suppress corneal neuropathic pain using a mouse ocular pain model developed in Dr. Hamrah’s laboratory. Neuropathic corneal pain is a severe, chronic and debilitating disease with no FDA approved commercially available treatments currently available for this condition.

On 28 April 2021 the company announced positive results of OK-201, a non-opioid analgesic drug candidate delivered topically in Dr. Hamrah’s mouse neuropathic corneal pain model, as a potential drug to treat acute and chronic ocular pain. Importantly, OK-201 demonstrated a reduced corneal pain response equivalent to that of gabapentin, a commonly used oral drug for neuropathic pain. These observations demonstrated preclinical ‘proof-of-concept’ for the topical administration of OK-201 as a potential non-opioid analgesic for ocular pain. Current treatments for corneal pain are limited to short term NSAIDs, steroids, and oral gabapentin and opioids in severe cases.

Although the results with OK-201 were encouraging, due to subsequent success obtained with OK-101 in follow-on animal model studies utilizing the same mouse neuropathic corneal pain model, the company has decided to stop further development of OK-201 to treat ocular neuropathic pain, and to turn its full attention to the development of OK-101 to treat DED.

Enquiries:

OKYO Pharma Limited Gary Jacob +44 (0)20 7495 2379
Optiva Securities Limited   +44 (0)20 7408 4050


About OKYO

OKYO Pharma Limited (LSE: OKYO; OTCQB: EMMLF) is a life sciences and biotechnology company admitted to listing on the standard segment of the Official List of the UK Financial Conduct Authority and to trading on the main market for listed securities of London Stock Exchange plc. OKYO is focusing on the discovery and development of novel molecules to treat inflammatory dry eye diseases and ocular pain.
Website: www.okyopharma.com

OKYO Pharma Limited

Chairman’s statement

Dear Shareholders,

I am pleased to report on the Group’s financial results for the six months ended 30 September 2021.

Results to 30 September 2021

During the six months ended 30 September 2021, the Group reported a total comprehensive loss of £1.8 million (restated 30 September 2020: £0.5 million).

The Group’s shareholders’ equity at 30 September 2021 stood at £3.7 million (31 March 2021: £3.9 million).

Cash was £3.8m at the end of the period (31 March 2021: £5.0 million).

COVID-19

We remain cognisant of the potential impact of coronavirus (COVID-19) on our operations and have taken the steps necessary to maintain the integrity of the Group's assets and the health and wellbeing of our employees. We remain hopeful that COVID-19 will not have a material impact on the capability of our research partners ability to commence the next stage of our pre-clinical pipeline. Although it remains unclear at this stage what the medium and long term impact will be on the wider economy and how this will affect the Group.

The Group is confident it should be able to weather all but the worst financial downturn occurring as a result of the outbreak and any variants thereof. Indeed, the Group has successfully raised additional funds during this pandemic.

Operations in Review

OK-101 Project

On 6 December 2021 the Group announced that it anticipates the filing of an IND in Q3 2022 on OK-101 for the treatment of dry eye disease (‘DED’), and initiating a Phase 2 human clinical efficacy trial in DED patients in Q4 2022. The trial is anticipated to be conducted in approximately 100 to 200 DED patients and the study is being designed in conjunction with, and will be managed and monitored by Ora, Inc., well known for its expert leadership of clinical trial activities. The Phase 2 trial is expected to be completed in 6-8 months from enrollment of the first patient.

Because the drug is designed to be administered topically to DED patients, and with the help of Ora’s deeply knowledgeable team with a proven track record of advancing drug development for dry eye as well as other ophthalmic indications, the Group anticipates skipping standard Phase 1 studies typically expected with orally delivered drug candidates in non-life-threatening conditions and, hence, opening the first human trial with OK-101 as a Phase 2 efficacy trial in DED patients.

On 13 December 2021 the Group announced that its drug candidate OK-101, which was developed to treat DED through its anti-inflammatory mode of action, also shows potent ocular pain reducing property in a mouse model of corneal neuropathic pain, establishing the potential of OK-101 to treat both pain and inflammation, the most common symptoms of DED. This work involved a collaboration with Pedram Hamrah, MD, Interim Chair of Ophthalmology, cornea specialist, and clinician-scientist at Tufts Medical Center, Boston. OK-101 was found to suppress corneal pain in a ciliary nerve ligation mouse model of neuropathic corneal pain developed in Dr. Hamrah’s laboratory. OK-101 was topically administered to mice in contrast to the positive control gabapentin which was administered via intraperitoneal injection. Pain relief was evaluated by an eye-wipe count, and OK-101 was shown to reduce corneal pain essentially equivalent to that of gabapentin, a commonly used oral drug for neuropathic pain. Notably, the drug concentration of OK-101 used in this study was identical to that used in mouse models of DED that demonstrated ocular anti-inflammatory activity.

Ocular pain, which can exhibit as a severe, chronic or debilitating condition in patients suffering from a host of ophthalmic conditions, is presently treated by various topical and systemic treatments in an off-label fashion. There are no FDA-approved commercial treatments currently available for this condition. The company is excited about these positive results with OK-101 in our neuropathic corneal pain model of this disease, as it indicates that OK-101’s potential to benefit patients with DED may derive from not only its anti-inflammatory activity, but also its pain-reducing potential as well.

OK-201 Project

The company has decided at this time to postpone for the time being further drug development of OK-201 and focus its full resources on the development of its lead drug candidate OK-101 to treat DED patients.

Summary

OKYO is focusing its G-protein coupled technology platform on the development of innovative therapies for inflammatory DED and ocular neuropathic pain management. We have set as our goal the filing of an IND on OK-101 to treat DED by the third calendar quarter of 2022, and the opening of a Phase two efficacy trial in DED patients in the fourth calendar quarter of 2022. To do this, over the past six months the company initiated all of the pre-IND work needed to support the filing of the IND in 2022. A key component of this strategy was retaining the services of Ora Inc., a world-class ophthalmology contract research organization, to guide the company's upcoming product development and lead the regulatory strategy of OK-101 for the treatment of DED.

OKYO believes that obtaining positive clinical data demonstrating potential of OK-101 to treat DED through a successful Phase 2 clinical trial in DED patients will bring considerable value to its shareholders with OKYO’s success in the clinic.

Other items

Principal risks and uncertainties

The Group’s principal risks and uncertainties, which could impact the Group for the remainder of the current financial year, are identified on page 8 of OKYO Pharma Ltd’s Annual Report for the year ended 31 March 2021 which is available on the Company’s website. These risks are as follows: clinical studies, ability to scale up, intellectual property, competition, funding and loss of key senior management.

The Directors have reviewed these principal risks and uncertainties and the Directors confirm the risks are still applicable for the remainder of the year.

Important Events

In May 2021, a large proportion of the outstanding convertible loan notes were converted resulting in the issuance of 149,900,410 ordinary shares.

In May 2021, warrants over 147,969,396 ordinary shares were exercised resulting in cash proceeds of £1,045,333.

In December 2021 the Group announced that it anticipates the filing of an IND in Q3 2022 on OK-101 for the treatment of DED and initiating a Phase 2 human clinical efficacy trial in DED patients in Q4 2022.

In December 2021, Bernard Denoyer was appointed to serve as a non-executive director.

Related party transactions

Tiziana Life Sciences is a related party as it shares common Directors and officers, resources and premises. Transactions with Tiziana and its subsidiaries are undertaken in the normal course of business and during the period the Group charges for services received were £42,387. The amount owed by the Group at 30 September 2021 is £20,277.

Panetta Partners Limited is a related party as it is a shareholder of the Company and also a vendor. As at 30 September 2021 there was a balance due to the Group of £71,135 for the exercise of warrants belonging to Panetta Partner Ltd. The balance is to be offset against fees earned by Gabriele Cerrone, a director of Panetta Partners Ltd, during the year to March 2022.

Going Concern

The Group is in the early stages of developing its business focusing on drug candidates for the treatment of dry-eye, uveitis, ocular and chronic pain and is in its pre-revenue R&D stage. The Directors expect the Group to incur further losses and to require significant capital expenditure in continuing towards the clinical stage for these candidates. The Group has successfully secured additional investment funds to date.

The Directors have prepared cash flow projections that include the costs associated with the continued clinical trials and additional investment to fund that operation. On the basis of those projections, if additional investment is not obtained, the directors conclude that the company will not be able to meet its liabilities as they fall due for a period beyond the next 12 months from the date when these financial statements are issued. Consequently, in the opinion of the directors there is a material uncertainty that may cause significant doubt about the Group’s ability to continue as a going concern. Despite this material uncertainty, the Directors conclude that it is appropriate to continue to adopt the going concern basis of accounting.

Statement of Directors’ responsibilities

The Directors are responsible for preparing the half-yearly financial report in accordance with applicable laws and regulations.

The Directors confirm to the best of their knowledge:

  1. The interim consolidated financial statements, prepared in accordance with International Accounting Standard 34 Interim Financial Reporting give a true and fair view of the assets, liabilities, financial position and profit and loss of the Company and the undertakings included in the consolidation taken as a whole; and
  2. The Chairman’s statement includes a fair review of the development and performance of the business and the position of the Company and the undertakings included in the consolidation taken as a whole, together with a description of the principal risks and uncertainties they face.

Gabriele Cerrone

Non-Executive Chairman

25 January 2022

OKYO Pharma Limited
Consolidated statement of comprehensive income
for the six months ended 30 September 2021

    Notes Six months ended
30 September 2021
(unaudited)
  Six months ended
30 September 2020
(restated and unaudited)
  Year ended
31 March 2021
(restated)*
 
      £   £   £  
           
Continuing operations          
Income     -   -   -  
           
Operating expenses          
Research     (345,778 ) (29,250 ) (132,860 )
Operating expenses     (1,625,016 ) (402,592 ) (2,440,093 )
      ───────   ───────   ───────  
Total operating loss   5 (1,970,794 ) (431,842 ) (2,572,953 )
           
Finance costs     (736 ) (392 ) (858 )
Impairment of loan     -   (53,726 ) (8,539 )
      ───────   ───────   ───────  
Loss for the period before taxation     (1,971,530 ) (485,960 ) (2,582,349 )
           
Taxation     136,063   (68 ) 19,104  
      ───────   ───────   ───────  
Loss for the period     (1,835,467 ) (486,028 ) (2,563,245 )
           
Other comprehensive (loss) / income:
Items that may be reclassified to profit or loss
         
Exchange differences on translating foreign operations     (11,002 ) 303   3,100  
      ───────   ───────   ───────  
Total comprehensive loss for the period (1,846,469 ) (485,725 ) (2,560,145 )
      ═══════   ═══════   ═══════  
           
Basic and diluted loss per share   12 (0.00 ) (0.00 ) (0.00 )
      ═══════   ═══════   ═══════  

The notes on pages 11 to 25 form an integral part of this financial information.

The Directors consider that all results were derived from continuing activities.

* Refer to Note 4

OKYO Pharma Limited
Consolidated statement of financial position
As at 30 September 2021

  Notes   At
30 September 2021
(unaudited)
  At
31 September 2020
(unaudited and restated)
  At
31 March 2021
(restated)*
 
      £   £   £  
Non-Current Assets          
Property, plant and equipment 6   3,611   1,597   4,389  
Right of use asset 11   60,288   21,948   71,425  
      ───────   ───────   ───────  
Total non-current assets     63,899   23,545   75,814  
      ───────   ───────   ───────  
Current Assets          
Cash and cash equivalents     3,849,879   5,761,714   4,991,663  
Trade and other receivables 7   36,928   31,429   31,424  
Related party receivable 13   71,135   23,682   20,044  
Taxation receivable     155,135   -   19,072  
      ───────   ───────   ───────  
Total current assets     4,113,077   5,816,825   5,062,203  
      ───────   ───────   ───────  
Total assets     4,176,976   5,840,370   5,138,017  
      ═══════   ═══════   ═══════  
Equity          
Share premium     76,371,173   66,702,597   66,713,846  
CLN Reserve 10   89,050   6,362,241   6,474,832  
Share options reserve 9   1,066,001   76,819   462,428  
Share warrants reserve 9   614,227   2,314,213   2,347,236  
Foreign currency translation reserve     (5,158 ) 3,047   5,844  
Retained deficit     (74,453,149 ) (69,961,299 ) (72,150,010 )
      ───────   ───────   ───────  
Shareholders’ equity     3,682,144   5,497,618   3,854,176  
      ───────   ───────   ───────  
Current Liabilities          
Trade and other payables 8   413,377   285,772   1,212,284  
Related party payable 13   20,722   34,459   -  
Lease liability (current) 11   25,643   3,995   24,742  
      ───────   ───────   ───────  
Total current liabilities     459,742   324,226   1,237,026  
           
Lease liability (non-current) 11   35,090   18,526   46,815  
           
Total current and non-current liabilities     494,832   342,752   1,283,841  
      ───────   ───────   ───────  
Total equity and liabilities     4,176,976   5,840,370   5,138,017  
      ═══════   ═══════   ═══════  

The notes on pages 11 to 25 form an integral part of this financial information.

* Refer to Note 4

OKYO Pharma Limited
Consolidated statement of changes in equity

for the six months ending 30 September 2021 and restated 30 September 2020



(unaudited)
Notes Share
premium
  CLN Reserve   Share options
reserve
  Share
warrants
reserve
  Foreign
currency

translation
reserves
  Retained
deficit
  Total
shareholders’
equity
 
    £   £   £   £   £   £   £  
                 
Balance at 1 April 2021 (Restated)*   66,713,846   6,474,832   462,428   2,347,236   5,844   (72,150,010 ) 3,854,176  
                 
Total comprehensive loss for the period                
Loss for the period   -   -   -   -   -   (1,835,467 ) (1,835,467 )
Exchange differences on translating foreign operations   -   -   -   -   (11,002 ) -   (11,002 )
                 
Transactions recorded directly in equity                
Options forfeiture   -   -   (14,220 ) -   -   -   (14,220 )
Options charge 9 -   -   617,793   -   -   -   617,793  
Warrants charge 9 -   -   -   25,532   -   -   25,532  
Exercise of warrants 9 1,652,009   -   -   (606,677 ) -   -   1,045,332  
Transfer between equity reserves 10 1,584,230   (364,111 ) -   (1,220,119 ) -   -   -  
Conversion of CLN 10 6,421,088   (6,421,088 ) -   -   -   -   -  
CLN and warrant interest 10 -   399,417   -   68,255   -   (467,672 ) -  
    ───────   ───────   ───────   ───────   ───────   ────────   ───────  
Balance at 30 September 2021   76,371,173   89,050   1,066,001   614,227   (5,158 ) (74,453,149 ) 3,682,144  
    ═══════   ═══════   ═══════   ═══════   ═══════   ════════   ═══════  
                 
Balance at 1 April 2020   67,518,700   -   68,233   1,721,625   2,744   (69,424,317 ) (113,015 )
                 
Total comprehensive loss for the period                
Loss for the period (restated)*   -   -   -   -   -   (486,028 ) (486,028 )
Exchange differences on translating foreign operations   -   -   -   -   303   -   303  
                 
Transactions with owners, recorded directly in equity                
                 
Contributions by and distributions to owners                
Shares issued (private placement)   181,347   -   -   -   -   -   181,347  
CLN Issued (restated)* 10 (434,183 ) 6,311,287   -   -   -   -   5,877,104  
CLN Interest 10 -   50,954   -   -   -   (50,954 ) -  
Options charge 9 -   -   8,586   -   -   -   8,586  
Warrants charge 9 (563,267 ) -   -   592,588   -   -   29,321  
    ───────   ───────   ───────   ───────   ───────   ────────   ───────  
Balance at 30 September 2020 (Restated)*   66,702,597   6,362,241   76,819   2,314,213   3,047   (69,961,299 ) 5,497,618  
    ═══════   ═══════   ═══════   ═══════   ═══════   ════════   ═══════  

The notes on pages 11 to 25 form an integral part of this financial information

* Refer to Note 4

OKYO Pharma Limited
Consolidated statement of changes in equity

for the year ended 31 March 2021

  Notes Share
premium
  CLN Reserve Share
options
reserve
  Share
warrants
reserve
Foreign currency
translation
reserves
Retained
deficit
  Total
shareholders’
equity
 
    £   £ £   £ £ £   £  
                 
Balance at 1 April 2020   67,518,700   - 68,233   1,721,625 2,744 (69,424,318 ) (113,015 )
                 
Total comprehensive loss for the period                
Loss for the period (restated)*   -   - -   - - (2,563,245 ) (2,563,245 )
Exchange differences on translating foreign operations   -   - -   - 3,100 -   3,100  
                 
Transactions with owners, recorded directly in equity                
                 
Contributions by and distributions to owners                
Shares issued   181,346   - -   - - -   181,346  
CLN Issued (restated)* 10 -   6,311,287 -   - - -   6,311,287  
CLN Interest 10 -   163,545   - - (163,545 ) -  
CLN Fee reclass 4 (434,183 ) - -   - - -   (434,183 )
Options charge 9 -   - 399,460   - - -   399,460  
Options exercised 9 11,250   - (1,098 ) - - 1,098   11,250  
Options forfeiture 9 -   - (4,167 ) - - -   (4,167 )
Warrants charge   (563,267 ) - -   625,611 - -   62,344  
    ───────   ─────── ───────   ─────── ──────── ────────   ───────  
Balance at 31 March 2021 (Restated)*   66,713,846   6,474,832 462,428   2,347,236 5,844 (72,150,010 ) 3,854,176  
    ═══════   ═══════ ═══════   ═══════ ═══════ ════════   ═══════  
                 

The notes on pages 11 to 25 form an integral part of this financial information.

* Refer to Note 4

OKYO Pharma Limited

Consolidated statement of cash flows
for the six months ended 30 September 2021

 

Notes
Six months
ended 30
September 2021
(unaudited)
  Six months
ended 30
September 2020
(unaudited and
restated)
  Year ended 31
March 2021

(restated)*
 
    £   £   £  
Cash flows from operating activities        
         
Loss for the period before taxation   (1,971,530 ) (485,960 ) (2,582,349 )
         
Adjusted for non-cash and non-operating items:        
Share options charge 9 617,793   8,586   399,460  
Options Forfeiture   (14,220 ) -   (4,167 )
Warrants charge 9 25,532   29,321   62,345  
Depreciation of property, plant and equipment 6 778   414   1,154  
(Gain)/ Loss on foreign exchange   (11,002 ) 303   3,100  
Depreciation of right-of-use asset 11 11,137   2,330   8,867  
Impairment of loan to West African Minerals Ltd   -   53,726   8,539  
Loss on disposal of right of use asset   -   -   (593 )
Net (increase) in related party receivables   (51,091 ) (6,590 ) (2,952 )
Net (decrease) in related party payables   20,722   (939 ) (35,398 )
Net (increase)/ decrease in trade and other receivables 7 (5,504 ) 159,124   159,695  
Net (decrease)/increase in trade and other payables 8 (798,908 ) (248,953 ) 677,282  
Cash inflow from taxation   -   59,932   60,032  
    ───────   ───────   ───────  
Cash used in operating activities   (2,176,293 ) (428,706 ) (1,244,985 )
         
Cash flows from investing activities        
Addition of property, plant and equipment 6 -   (1,499 ) (5,031 )
    ───────   ───────   ───────  
Cash used in investing activities   -   (1,499 ) (5,031 )
         
Cash flows from financing activities        
Proceeds from issuance of ordinary shares   -   181,346   181,346  
Proceeds from issuance of convertible loan notes 10 -   5,877,104   5,877,104  
Loan to West African Minerals Ltd   -   (53,726 ) (8,539 )
Repayment of leasing liabilities 11 (10,824 ) (2,746 ) (9,426 )
Processed from options exercised   -   -   11,250  
Proceeds from exercise of warrants 9 1,045,333   -   -  
    ───────   ───────   ───────  
Cash generated from financing activities   1,034,509   6,001,978   6,051,736  
         
(Decrease) / Increase in cash and cash equivalents   (1,141,784 ) 5,571,773   (4,801,720 )
         
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period   4,991,663   189,941   189,941  
    ───────   ───────   ───────  
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period   3,849,879   5,761,714   4,991,663  
    ═══════   ═══════   ═══════  

The notes on pages 11 to 25 form an integral part of this financial information.
* Refer to Note 4

OKYO Pharma Limited

Notes to financial statements
for the six months ended 30 September 2021

1. Reporting Entity

OKYO Pharma Limited (the “Company” or “OKYO”) is a company domiciled in Guernsey and listed on the standard market of the London Stock Exchange. The principal activities of the Company and its subsidiaries (the “Group”) are to next-generation therapeutics to improve the lives of patients with inflammatory eye diseases and chronic pain. Our goal is to develop first in class drug candidates that prevent the disease instead of controlling it, and we achieve this through our collaboration with pioneering scientists in the field.

The ultimate parent of the group is Planwise Group Limited, incorporated in the British Virgin Islands.

2. ACCOUNTING POLICIES

The principal accounting policies applied in the preparation of these consolidated financial statements are set out below. These policies have been applied consistently to all the periods presented unless otherwise stated.

Basis of preparation

These interim consolidated financial statements of the Group and Company have been prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) as adopted by the European Union, IFRIC interpretations and the Companies (Guernsey) Law 2008 as applicable to companies reporting under IFRS. They do not include all disclosures that would otherwise be required in a complete set of financial statements and should be read in conjunction with the 31 March 2021 Annual Report and Financial Statements. The financial information has been prepared in accordance with IAS 34 Interim Financial Reporting. The annual consolidated financial statements of the group are prepared in accordance with IFRS as adopted by the European Union. The comparative financial information for the year ended 31 March 2021 included within this report does not constitute the full statutory Annual Report for that period.

The Group has applied the same accounting policies and methods of computation in its interim consolidated financial statements as in its 2021 annual financial statements, as set out in Note 2 of that document.

Basis of measurement

Functional and Presentation Currency
The financial statements of the Group are presented in Pounds Sterling (£) which is the parent Company’s functional currency. All financial information presented in Pounds Sterling has been rounded to the nearest pound.

Going Concern

The Group incurred losses during the period and has net liabilities at the period end.

The Group is in the early stages of developing its business focusing on drug candidates for the treatment of dry-eye, uveitis, ocular and chronic pain and is in its pre-revenue R&D stage. The Directors expect the Group to incur further losses and to require significant capital expenditure in continuing towards the clinical stage for these candidates.

The Directors have prepared cash flow projections that include the costs associated with the continued clinical trials and additional investment to fund that operation. On the basis of those projections, if additional investment is not obtained, the directors conclude that the company will not be able to meet its liabilities as they fall due for a period beyond the next 12 months from the date when these financial statements are issued. Consequently, in the opinion of the directors there is a material uncertainty that may cause significant doubt about the Group’s ability to continue as a going concern. Despite this material uncertainty, the Directors conclude that it is appropriate to continue to adopt the going concern basis of accounting.

The financial statements do not include the adjustments that would be required if the going concern basis of preparation was considered inappropriate.

Basis of consolidation

Subsidiary undertakings are all entities over which the Group exercises control. The Group has control when it can demonstrate all of the following: (a) power over the investee; (b) exposure, or rights, to variable returns from its involvement with the investee; and (c) the ability to use its power over the investee to affect the amount of the investor’s return.

The existence and effect of both current voting rights and potential voting rights that are currently exercisable or convertible are considered when assessing whether control of an entity is exercised. Subsidiaries are consolidated from the date at which the Group obtains control and are de-consolidated from the date at which control ceases.

Inter-company transactions, balances and unrealised gains on transactions between group companies are eliminated upon consolidation. Unrealised losses are also eliminated. Accounting policies of subsidiaries have been changed where necessary to ensure consistency with the policies adopted by the Group.

Segment reporting

Operating segments are reported in a manner consistent with the internal reporting provided to the Board. The Board allocates resources to and assess the performance of the segments. The Board considers there to be only one operating segment being the research and development of biotechnological and pharmaceutical products.

Foreign currency translation

Foreign currency transactions are translated using the rate of exchange applicable at the date of the transaction. Foreign exchange gains and losses resulting from the settlement of such transactions and from the re-translation at the period-end of monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are recognised in the statement of comprehensive income.

On consolidation, the assets and liabilities of foreign subsidiaries are translated into Pound Sterling at the rate of exchange prevailing at the reporting date and their statements of comprehensive income are translated at exchange rates prevailing at the dates of the transactions. The exchange differences arising on translation for consolidation are recognised in other comprehensive income. On disposal of a foreign subsidiary, the component of other comprehensive income relating to that particular foreign subsidiary is recognised in profit or loss.

Research and development

All on-going research and development expenditure is currently expensed in the period in which it is incurred. Due to the regulatory environment inherent in the development of the Group’s products, the criteria for development costs to be recognised as an asset, as set out in IAS 38 ‘Intangible Assets’, are not met until a product has been granted regulatory approval and it is probable that future economic benefit will flow to the Group. The Group currently has no qualifying expenditure.

Financial instruments

The Group classifies a financial instrument, or its component parts, as a financial liability, a financial asset or an equity instrument in accordance with the substance of the contractual arrangement and the definitions of a financial liability, a financial asset and an equity instrument.

The Group evaluates the terms of the financial instrument to determine whether it contains an asset, a liability or an equity component. Such components shall be classified separately as financial assets, financial liabilities or equity instruments.

A financial instrument is any contract that gives rise to a financial asset of one entity and a financial liability or
equity instrument of another entity.

(a) Financial assets, initial recognition and measurement and subsequent measurement

The initial recognition and measurement of financial assets depends on their classification. Financial assets such as receivables and deposits are subsequently measured at amortised cost using the effective interest method, less loss allowance.

The Group does not hold any financial assets at fair value through profit or loss or fair value through other
comprehensive income.

(b) Financial liabilities, initial recognition and measurement and subsequent measurement

The initial recognition and measurement of financial liabilities depends on their classification. All financial liabilities are subsequently measured at amortised cost using the effective interest method. Interest expense and foreign exchange gains and losses are recognised in profit or loss. Any gain or loss on derecognition is also recognised in profit or loss.

The Group’s financial liabilities include trade and other payables.

Impairment

Impairment of financial assets measured at amortised cost
At each reporting date the Group recognises a loss allowance for expected credit losses on financial assets measured at amortised cost.

In establishing the appropriate amount of loss allowance to be recognised, the Group applies either the general approach or the simplified approach, depending on the nature of the underlying group of financial assets.

General approach
The general approach is applied to the impairment assessment of refundable lease deposits and other refundable lease contributions, restricted cash and cash and cash equivalents.

Under the general approach the Group recognises a loss allowance for a financial asset at an amount equal to the 12-month expected credit losses, unless the credit risk on the financial asset has increased significantly since initial recognition, in which case a loss allowance is recognised at an amount equal to the lifetime expected credit losses.

Simplified approach
The simplified approach is applied to the impairment assessment of trade receivables.

Under the simplified approach the Group always recognises a loss allowance for a financial asset at an amount equal to the lifetime expected credit losses.

Impairment of non financial assets

  1. Non-financial assets are tested for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable.
  2. Non-financial assets are impaired when its carrying amount exceed its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is measured as the higher of fair value less cost of disposal and value in use. The value in use is calculated as being net projected cash flows based on financial forecasts discounted back to present value.

Investments

Investments are held as non-current assets and comprise investments in subsidiary undertakings and are stated at cost less provision for any impairment.

Share capital

Ordinary shares of the Company are classified as equity.

Property, plant and equipment

(i) Recognition and measurement

Items of property, plant and equipment are measured at cost less accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses. Costs include expenditures that are directly attributable to the acquisition of the asset. Purchased software that is integral to the functionality of the related equipment is capitalised as part of that equipment.

When parts of an item of property, plant and equipment have different useful lives, they are accounted for as separate items (major components) of property, plant and equipment.

Gains and losses on disposal of an item of property, plant and equipment are determined by comparing the proceeds from disposal with the carrying amount of property, plant and equipment, and are recognised in profit or loss.

(ii) Depreciation

Depreciation is calculated on the depreciable amount, which is the cost of an asset, less its residual value.

Depreciation is recognised in profit or loss on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful life of each part of an item of property, plant and equipment.

The estimated useful lives for the current period and the comparative period are as follows.

Fixtures and fittings 5 years

IT and equipment 3 years

Depreciation methods, useful lives and residual values are reviewed at each reporting date. Depreciation is allocated to the operating expenses line of the statement of comprehensive income.

Leases

All leases are accounted for by recognising a right-of-use asset and a lease liability except for:

  • Leases of low value assets; and
  • Leases with a duration of 12 months or less.

The Group has leases for its offices. Each lease is reflected on the balance sheet as a right-of-use asset and a lease liability. The Group does not have any short-term leases or leases of low value assets. Variable lease payments which do not depend on an index or a rate (such as lease payments based on a percentage of Group sales) are excluded from the initial measurement of the lease liability and asset. The Group classifies its right-of-use assets in a consistent manner to its property, plant and equipment (see Note 11).

Measurement and recognition of leases as a lessee

At lease commencement date, the Group recognises a right-of-use asset and a lease liability in its consolidated statement of financial position. The right-of-use asset is measured at cost, which is made up of the initial measurement of the lease liability, any initial direct costs incurred by the Group, an estimate of any costs to dismantle and remove the asset at the end of the lease, and any lease payments made in advance of the lease commencement date (net of any incentives received).

The Group depreciates the right-of-use asset on a straight-line basis from the lease commencement date to the earlier of the end of the useful life of the right-of-use asset or the end of the lease term. The Group also assesses the right-of-use asset for impairment when such indicators exist.

At the commencement date, the Group measures the lease liability at the present value of the lease payments unpaid at that date, discounted using the Group’s incremental borrowing rate because as the lease contracts are negotiated with third parties it is not possible to determine the interest rate that is implicit in the lease. The incremental borrowing rate is the estimated rate that the Group would have to pay to borrow the same amount over a similar term, and with similar security to obtain an asset of equivalent value. This rate is adjusted should the lessee entity have a different risk profile to that of the Group.

Lease payments included in the measurement of the lease liability are made up of fixed payments (including in substance fixed), variable payments based on an index or rate, amounts expected to be payable under a residual value guarantee and payments arising from options reasonably certain to be exercised.

Subsequent to initial measurement, the liability will be reduced by lease payments that are allocated between repayments of principal and finance costs. The finance cost is the amount that produces a constant periodic rate of interest on the remaining balance of the lease liability.

Fair Value Measurement

Management have assessed the categorisation of the fair value measurements using the IFRS 13 fair value hierarchy. Categorisation within the hierarchy has been determined on the basis of the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement of the relevant asset as follows;

  • Level 1 - valued using quoted prices in active markets for identical assets;
  • Level 2 - valued by reference to valuation techniques using observable inputs other than quoted prices included within Level 1;
  • Level 3 - valued by reference to valuation techniques using inputs that are not based on observable market data.

Share based payments

The calculation of the fair value of equity-settled share based awards and the resulting charge to the statement of comprehensive income requires assumptions to be made regarding future events and market conditions. These assumptions include the future volatility of the Company's share price. These assumptions are then applied to a recognised valuation model in order to calculate the fair value of the awards.

Where employees, Directors or advisers are rewarded using share based payments, the fair value of the employees', Directors' or advisers' services are determined by reference to the fair value of the share options/warrants awarded. Their value is appraised at the date of grant and excludes the impact of any nonmarket vesting conditions (for example, profitability and sales growth targets). Warrants issued in association with the issue of Convertible Loan Notes or private placements are also considered as share based payments and a ­­­ payment charge is calculated for these too.

In accordance with IFRS 2, a charge is made to the statement of comprehensive income for all share-based payments including share options based upon the fair value of the instrument used. A corresponding credit is made to a share based payment reserve - options, in the case of options awarded to employees, Directors, advisers and other consultants.

If vesting periods or other vesting conditions apply, the expense is allocated over the vesting period, based on the best available estimate of the number of share options expected to vest. Non market vesting conditions are included in assumptions about the number of options that are expected to become exercisable.

Estimates are subsequently revised, if there is any indication that the number of share options expected to vest differs from previous estimates. No adjustment is made to the expense or share issue cost recognised in prior periods if fewer share options ultimately are exercised than originally estimated.

Upon exercise of share options, the proceeds received are allocated to share capital with any excess being recorded as share premium.

Where share options are cancelled, this is treated as an acceleration of the vesting period of the options. The amount that otherwise would have been recognised for services received over the remainder of the vesting period is recognised immediately within the Statement of comprehensive income.

Where share options are forfeited prior to the completion of the vesting or service period to which they relate, the forfeiture results in the reversal of the previously recognised share-based payment cost.

All goods and services received in exchange for the grant of any share based payment are measured at their fair value.

Warrants

Warrants are issued by the Group in return for services and as part of a financing transaction.

Warrants issued in return for services.
Warrants issued in return for services fall within scope of IFRS 2. The financial liability component is measured at fair value and charged to the Consolidated Statement of Income. There is no remeasurement of fair value.

Warrants issued as part of a financing transaction.
Warrants issued as part of a financing transaction fall outside the scope of IFRS 2. These are classified as equity instruments because a fixed amount of cash is exchanged for a fixed amount of equity. The relative fair value is recognised within equity and is not remeasured.

Classification of these instruments is governed by the so-called ‘fixed’ test for non-derivatives, and the ‘fixed for fixed’ test for derivatives. Under the fixed test, a non-derivative contract will qualify for equity classification only where there is no contractual obligation for the issuer to deliver a variable number of its own equity instruments. Under the fixed for fixed test, a derivative will qualify for equity classification only where it will be settled by the issuer exchanging a fixed amount of cash or another financial asset for a fixed number of its own equity instruments.

Warrants issued by the Group are classified as equity instruments because a fixed amount of cash is exchanged for a fixed amount of equity of the Group. No other features exist that would result in financial liability classification.

Convertible loan notes

Where there is no option to repay in cash or the Company has the choice of settlement, and the interest rate is fixed

The Group considers these to be convertible equity instruments and records the principal of the loan note as an equity in a Convertible loan note reserve. The accrued interest on the principal amount, for which there is no obligation to settle in cash, is also recorded in the Convertible loan note reserve. Upon redemption of the instrument and the issue of share capital, the amount is reclassified from the convertible loan note reserve to share capital and share premium.

Where the above conditions are not met

The Group considers these to be convertible debt instruments and records the principal of the loan note as a debt liability in the liabilities section of the statement of financial position. The accrued interest on the principal amount is recorded in the income statement and as an increase in the debt liability. Upon redemption of the instrument and the issue of share capital, the amount is reclassified from the debt liability to share capital and share premium.

Under IAS 32 the liability and equity components of convertible loan notes must be presented separately on the statement of financial position. The Group has examined the terms of each issue of convertible loan notes and determined their accounting treatment accordingly.

3. CRITICAL ACCOUNTING JUDGEMENTS AND KEY SOURCES OF ESTIMATION UNCERTAINTY

The preparation of financial information in accordance with generally accepted accounting practice, in the case of the Group being International Financial Reporting Standards as adopted by the European Union, requires the directors to make estimates and judgements that affect the reported amount of assets, liabilities, income and expenditure and the disclosures made in the financial statements. Such estimates and judgements must be continually evaluated based on historical experience and other factors, including expectations of future events.

The following are considered to be key sources of estimation uncertainty:

Share-based payments
The Group accounts for share-based payment transactions for employees in accordance with IFRS 2 Share-based Payment, which requires the measurement of the cost of employee services received in exchange for the options on our ordinary shares, based on the fair value of the award on the grant date.

The Directors selected the Black-Scholes-Merton option pricing model as the most appropriate method for determining the estimated fair value of our share-based awards without market conditions. For performance-based options that include vesting conditions relating to the market performance of our ordinary shares, a Monte Carlo pricing model was used in order to reflect the valuation impact of price hurdles that have to be met as conditions to vesting.

The resulting cost of an equity incentive award is recognised as expense over the requisite service period of the award, which is usually the vesting period. Compensation expense is recognised over the vesting period using the straight-line method.

The assumptions used for estimating fair value for share-based payment transactions are disclosed in note 9 to our consolidated interim financial statements.

Warrants

The Directors selected the Black-Scholes-Merton option pricing model as the most appropriate method for determining the estimated fair value of warrants.

The assumptions used for estimating fair value for warrants are disclosed in note 9 to our consolidated interim financial statements.

The following are considered to be critical accounting judgments:

Research and development costs
Research and development costs are charged to expense as incurred and are typically made up of clinical and preclinical activities, drug development and manufacturing costs, and third-party service fees, including for clinical research organizations and investigative sites. When entering into agreements with third parties which provide the rights to conduct research into specific biological processes the Group accounts for these agreements as an expense if the agreements are 'milestone' in nature and relate to the Group's own research and development costs. Such agreements involve periodic payments and are evaluated as representing payments made to fund research.

Leases
IFRS 16 defines the lease term as the non-cancellable period of a lease together with the options to extend or terminate a lease, if the lessee were reasonably certain to exercise that option. This will take into account the length of time remaining before the option is exercisable, current trading, future trading forecasts as to the ongoing profitability of the organisation and the level and type of planned future capital investment. The judgement is reassessed at each reporting period. A reassessment of the remaining life of the lease could result in a recalculation of the lease liability and a material adjustment to the associated balances.

Warrants
The Group accounts for warrants based on whether they are issued in return for a service (within IFRS 2) or as part of a financing transaction (outside the scope of IFRS 2).

For warrants issued as part of a financing transaction, the classification of these instruments is governed by the so-called ‘fixed’ test for non-derivatives, and the ‘fixed for fixed’ test for derivatives.

4. PRIOR PERIOD ADJUSTMENTS

Accounting for commission Convertible Loan Notes

During the period, the Group reviewed its accounting treatment for commission Convertible Loan Notes that were issued as part of a Convertible Loan Note offering. The Group issued the commission Convertible Loan Notes in lieu of cash as commission for identifying investors to participate in the offering.

In the prior periods, the face value of the commission Convertible Loan Notes had been expensed to the Statement of Income. The Group recognises that the face value of the commission Convertible Loan Notes should have been recognised as a cost of fundraising and treated as a reduction to equity. The impact is a decrease in operating expenses of £434,183 in the six months to 30 September 2020 and the year ending 31 March 2021.

5. OPERATING LOSS

Operating loss is stated after charging:

Group Period ended
30 September
2021

(unaudited)
  Period ended
30 September
2020
(unaudited)
Year ended
31 March 2021
  £   £ £
Director fees including bonus 284,858   - 212,660
Chairman’s bonus -   - 886,909
Audit fees -   - 45,000
Audit-related assurance services 24,000   17,170 55,520
Depreciation 840   2,519 1,156
Foreign exchange losses (29,017 ) 10,340 152,916
  ══════   ══════ ══════

6. PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT

Details of the Groups property, plant and equipment are as follows:

Group (Unaudited)   IT equipment  
    £  
Cost      
At 1 April 2021   6,045  
Additions   -  
At 30 September 2021   6,045  
       
Depreciation      
At 1 April 2021   1,656  
Charge in period   778  
At 30 September 2021   2,434  


Net book value as at 30 September 2021
 

3,611
 
Cost        
At 1 April 2020     1,014  
Additions     1,499  
At 30 September 2020     2,513  
         
Depreciation        
At 1 April 2020     502  
Charge in period     414  
At 30 September 2020     916  


Net book value as at 30 September 2020
   

1,597
 
Group     IT equipment  
      £  
Cost        
At 1 April 2020     1,014  
Additions     5,031  
At 31 March 2021     6,045  
         
Depreciation        
At 1 April 2020     502  
Charge in year     1,154  
At 31 March 2021     1,656  


Net book value as at 31 March 2021
   

4,389
 

7. TRADE AND OTHER RECEIVABLES

Group 30 September 30 September 31 March
  2021 2020 2021
  £ £ £
  (unaudited) (unaudited)  
       
Security deposit 3,342 1,186 -
Other receivables - - 3,260
VAT receivable 8,528 15,296 12,896
Prepayments 25,058 14,947 15,268
       
  36,928 31,429 31,424

8. TRADE AND OTHER PAYABLES

Group 30 September
2021
£
(unaudited)
30 September
2020
£
(unaudited)
31 March
2021
£


Trade payables


160,541


257,772


152,874
Accruals 252,836 28,000 172,501
Other creditors - - 886,909
       
       
  413,377 285,772 1,212,284
       

The other creditors balance of £886,090 at 31 March 2021 related to the Chairman’s bonus accrual.

9. SHARE OPTIONS AND WARRANTS

Options

The Parent Company operates share-based payment arrangements to remunerate directors and key employees in the form of a share option scheme. It also issues options in lieu of fees to key suppliers and collaborators. The exercise price of the option is normally equal to the market price of an ordinary share in the Parent Company at the date of grant.

    30 September 2021
(unaudited)
  30 September 2020
(unaudited)
31 March 2021
    Options   Weighted
Average
exercise
price
(pence)
  Options   Weighted
Average
exercise
price
(pence)
Options   Weighted
Average
exercise
price
(pence)
                       
Outstanding at 1 April   60,750,000     5.0     19,500,000     4.5   19,500,000     4.5  
Granted   19,400,000     5.7     750,000     15.5   42,250,000     5.3  
Forfeited   (16,500,000 )   (4.5 )   (750,000 )   (4.5 ) (750,000 )   (4.5 )
Exercised   -     -     -     -   (250,000 )   (4.5 )


Outstanding at period end
  63,650.000     5.4     19,500,000     4.9   19,500,000     5.0  
                       
Exercisable at period end   2,187,500     6.2     9,500,000     4.5   9,250,000     4.5  

No options were exercised during the six months ended 30 September 2021 and 30 September 2020. 250,000 options were exercised during the year ended 31 March 2021.

The total outstanding fair value charge of the share option instruments is deemed to be approximately £2,019,165 (March 2021: £1,963,721). A share based payment charge for the six-month period ended 30 September 2021 of £617,793 (30 September 2020: £8,586) has been expensed in the statement of comprehensive income.

The weighted average contractual life of options outstanding at 30 September 2021 is 7.99 years. (31 March 2021: 8.97 years).

Share options outstanding at 30 September 2021 have the following expiry dates and exercise prices:

Grant Date   Expiry Date   Exercise Price   Share Options as at 30 September 2021 (‘000)
6 July 2018   6 July 2025   4.5p   2,000
20 August 2020   19 August 2028   15.5p   750
6 January 2021   5 January 2031   5p   40,000
12 January 2021   11 January 2031   7.9p   1,500
15 April 2021   15 April 2031   7.88p   5,000
31 August 2021   31 August 2031   4.9p   14,400
Total           63,650

Fair value of options granted

The Directors have used the Black-Scholes option pricing model to estimate the fair value of most of the options applying the assumptions below.

Historical volatility relies in part on the historical volatility of a group of peer companies that management believes is generally comparable to the Company.

The Company has not paid any dividends on share capital since its inception and does not anticipate paying dividends on its share capital in the foreseeable future.

The Company has estimated a forfeiture rate of zero.

The model inputs for options granted during the six months ended 30 September 2021 valued under the Black Scholes Valuation model included:

    Grant Date  
(unaudited)   31 August 2021 15 April 2021  
         
Grant date share price   4.9p 7.65p  
Exercise share price   4.9p 7.88p  
Vesting periods   25% each year 25% each year  
         
Risk free rate
Expected volatility
Option life
  0.30%
77.9%
5 years
0.35%
80.2%
5 years
 

Warrants

As part of the acquisition of the Chemerin project, the underlying scientific founders of the Chemerin Project (inukshuk Holdings), who will continue to be involved in the development of the Project, received 35,000,000 warrants as consideration. The warrants are exercisable at a price of 4.5 pence each and are split into four distinct tranches and each tranche becomes exercisable upon satisfaction of a specific developmental milestone. The warrants are exercisable until 17 July 2023.

In May 2019, warrants were granted over 36,363,636 shares at an exercise price of 1.35p per share in connection with a private placement. The warrants were exercised in May 2021.

In March 2020, warrants were granted over 40,000,000 shares at an exercise price of 0.55p per share in connection with a private placement. The warrants are exercisable until 23 March 2025.

In March 2020, warrants were granted over 35,825,130 shares at an exercise price of 0.55p per share in connection with a private placement. The warrants were exercised in May 2021.

In April 2020, warrants were granted over 36,174,870 shares at an exercise price of 0.55p per share in connection with a private placement. The warrants were exercised in May 2021.

In May 2020, warrants were granted over 909,090 shares at an exercise price of 2.75p per share in in lieu of professional fees. The warrants are exercisable until 21 May 2023.

In July 2020, warrants were granted over 750,000 shares at an exercise price of 14p per share in in lieu of broker fees. The warrants are exercisable until 20 July 2022.

In May 2021, warrants were granted over 76,605,760 shares at an exercise price of 0.4p per share in connection with the conversion of convertible loan notes. 39,605,760 were exercised immediately and the remaining 37,000,000 are exercisable until 7 May 2024.

    30 September 2021 (unaudited)   30 September 2020 (unaudited)   31 March 2021
    Warrants   Weighted
Average
exercise
price
(pence)
  Warrants   Weighted
Average
exercise
price
(pence)
  Warrants   Weighted
Average
exercise
price
(pence)
                         
Outstanding at 1 April   185,022,726     1.5     147,188,766   1.5   147,188,766   1.5
Granted   76,605,760     0.4     37,083,960   0.6   37,833,960   0.9
Forfeited   -     -     -   -   -   -
Exercised   (147,969,396 )   (0.71 )   -   -   -   -


Outstanding at period end
  113,659,090     1.82     184,272,726   1.5   185,022,726   1.5
                         
Exercisable at period end   78,659,090     0.63     149,272,726   0.8   149,568,181   0.8

The Directors have estimated the fair value of the warrants in services provided using the Black-Scholes valuation model based on the assumptions below.

The model inputs for warrants granted during the six months ended 30 September 2021 valued under the Black Scholes Valuation model included:

(unaudited) 7 May 2021
   
Grant date share price 7.25p
Exercise share price 0.4p
Vesting periods Vesting market performance conditions
   
Risk free rate
Expected volatility
Expected life
0.36%
80.6%
3 years

The remaining fair value of the warrant instruments is deemed to be approximately £53,352 (March 2021: £78,814).

10. CONVERTIBLE INSTRUMENTS CLASSIFIED AS EQUITY

On 29 May 2020, the Company decided to raise convertible equity finance, £440,000 was raised from the issuance of Convertible Loan Notes. The Loan Notes are short term instruments and carry a coupon of 20% per annum and are convertible (together with all accrued interest) into ordinary shares of nominal value £0.00 each in the capital of the Company at a conversion price of 0.4p, they are not convertible into cash. The Loan Notes are convertible on the fourth anniversary of the date of issue of the Notes, or at the election of the noteholder on completion of the next non-qualifying equity financing or on the making of a takeover offer for the Company (as defined in the City Code on Takeovers and Mergers), and such election may be made on an immediate basis or conditional on any such takeover offer being declared, or becoming, unconditional. When converted, the shares will be issued with a warrant attached at an exercise price of 0.4p with a maximum life of 5 years from the date of the conversion of the loan note. Fees of 6% of the value of the loan notes were settled in kind through the issue of additional CLNs.

On 27 July 2020, additional convertible equity finance of £3,500,000 was raised from the issuance of Convertible Loan Notes. All terms of the notes remained the same except that these notes carry a coupon of 2.15% per annum and have a conversion price of 8.5p.

On 17 August 2020, a further convertible equity finance of £1,437,104 was raised from the issuance of Convertible Loan Notes under the same terms as those above.

On 3 September 2020, a further convertible equity finance of £500,000 was raised from the issuance of Convertible Loan Notes under the same terms as those above.

Fees of 7.5% of the value of these loan notes were settled in kind through the issue of additional CLNs.

All noteholders were offered the option to convert during this interim period and any conversions took place on 7 May 2021. Loan note holders were offered conversions including the full interest that would have been accrued had the note reached its full term.

The amount of the Convertible Equity Instrument that was recorded in the convertible loan note reserve as at 30 September 2021 is as follows:

  September 2021
(unaudited)
    September 2020
(unaudited)
  March 2021
(restated)
  £     £   £


Par value of Convertible loan notes issued


5,877,104
   

5,877,104
 

5,877,104
Plus: Par value of Convertible loan notes issued in lieu of fees 434,183     434,183   434,183
           
  6,311,287     6,311,287   6,311,287
           
Accrued interest 562,962     50,954   163,545
           
Par value of Convertible Loan Notes Converted (5,992,682 )   -   -
           
Interest on Convertible Loan Notes Converted (543,787 )   -   -
           
Relative fair value of warrants issued upon issuance of the Convertible Loan Note, not yet exercised (248,730 )   -   -
           
Total Convertible Loan Note Reserve 89,050     6,362,241   6,474,832

Transfer between equity reserves

The group has affected a transfer between reserves to reflect a change in the basis of estimation in connection with Convertible Loan Notes.

11. LEASES

Right-of-use assets
Group
  30 September 2021
(unaudited)
  30 September 2020
(unaudited)
  31 March 2021  
    £   £   £  
At 1 April   71,425   24,278   24,278  
Additions   -   -   75,627  
Depreciation   (11,137 ) (2,330 ) (4,202 )
Depreciation early terminated lease   -   -   (4,665 )
Early termination write off   -   -   (19,613 )
         
Total right-of-use asset   60,288   21,948   71,425  
         
Lease Liabilities
Group
  30 September 2021
(unaudited)
  30 September 2020
(unaudited)
  31 March 2021  
    £   £   £  
At 1 April   71,557   25,560   25,560  
Additions   -   -   75,627  
Interest expense   758   392   858  
Lease payments   (11,582 ) (3,431 ) (10,283 )
         
Total lease liability   60,733   22,521   71,557  
         

Lease liabilities are presented in the statement of financial position as follows:

Group   30 September 2021
(unaudited)
30 September 2020
(unaudited)
31 March 2021
    £ £ £
Current   25,643 3,995 24,742
Non Current   35,090 18,526 46,815
         
    60,733 22,521 71,557
         

The lease liabilities are secured by the related underlying assets. Future minimum lease payments as at 30 September 2021 were as follows:

Group (unaudited)   Minimum lease payment due
    Within 1 year 1-2 years 2-5 years Over 5 years Total
30 September 2021            
Lease payments   26,734   26,734   8,913   - 62,381  
Finance Charges   (1,091 ) (515 ) (42 ) - (1,648 )
Net Present Values   25,643   26,219   8,871   - 60,733  

12. BASIC AND DILUTED LOSS PER SHARE

Basic loss per share is calculated by dividing the loss attributable to equity holders of the Company by the weighted average number of ordinary shares in issue during the period.

  6 months to
30 September
  6 months to
30 September
  12 months
to
31 March
 
  2021   2020   2021  
  (unaudited)   (restated and
unaudited)
  (restated)  
       
(Loss) attributable to equity holders of the Company (£) (1,835,467 ) (486,028 ) (2,563,245 )
       
Weighted average number of ordinary shares in issue 910,469,043   659,485,588   672,767,629  
       
       
Basic loss per share (0.00 ) (0.00 ) (0.00 )

As the Group is reporting a loss from continuing operations for the period then, in accordance with IAS 33, the share options are not considered dilutive because the exercise of the share options would have an anti-dilutive effect. The basic and diluted earnings per share as presented on the face of the statement of comprehensive income are therefore identical. All earnings per share figures presented above arise from continuing and total operations and therefore no earnings per share for discontinued operations are presented.

13. RELATED PARTY TRANSCATIONS

All related party transactions occurred in the normal course of operations.

West African Minerals Limited (“WAML”)

WAML is a related party of the Company as it shares a common director, Willy Simon. In 2018, the Company disposed of its Cameroon operations by way of an in-specie distribution of all of its shares in Ferrum Resources Limited (renamed West African Minerals Limited) to shareholders. As part of this transaction, the Group had agreed to a deed of release with WAML whereby it agreed to write off $17,056,070 of loans in exchange for shares in WAML to be distributed as part of the in-specie distribution. A remaining amount of $3,400,000 is still outstanding from WAML, however, after careful consideration of the operations of WAML and its subsidiaries, the Company decided to impair this receivable down to £nil in 2018 as it does not expect to recover any of this outstanding debt. In addition to the $3,400,000 outstanding was a working capital loan advance of $600,000.

As at 30 September 2021, no further amounts were payable or funded under the working capital loan facility as the loan had been fully drawn down upon in the year to 31 March 2021. As the Company does not expect to recover any of this outstanding debt, it has been impaired as incurred.

Tiziana Life Sciences PLC

Tiziana Life Sciences PLC is a related party as it shares common Directors and officers. The Company share premises and other resources with Tiziana Life Sciences PLC and there is a shared services agreement in place between Company and Tiziana Life Sciences PLC. As at 30 September 2021, the Company had incurred £42,387 (30 September 2020: £42,055) worth of costs in relation to this agreement and at 30 September 2021, £20,722 (30 September 2020: £10,775) was due to Tiziana Life Sciences PLC.

Panetta Partners Limited

Panetta Partners Limited is a related party as it is a shareholder of the Company and also a vendor. The Company has entered into a Deed of Assignment with Panetta Partners whereby the Company has the licence and sub-licence of certain research and development assets in relation to the Chemerin product, assigned to it.

Directors

Gabriele Cerrone, the Company’s non-executive Chairman is also a director of Panetta Partners Ltd. As at 30 September 2021, there is a balance due to the Group by the Non-Executive Chairman of £71,135 for the exercise of warrants belonging to Panetta Partner Ltd. The balance is to be offset against fees earned by Gabriele Cerrone during the year to March 2022. As at March 31, 2021, £886,909 was owed to Gabriele Cerrone due to a Chairman’s bonus.

14. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

The Group’s main financial commitments relate to the contractual payments in respect of its licensing agreements. Due to the uncertain nature of scientific research and development and the length of time required to reach commercialisation of the products of this research and development, pre-clinical, clinical and commercial milestone obligations are not detailed until there is a reasonable certainty that the obligation will become payable. Contractual commitments are detailed where amounts are known and certain.

  • OK-101 – The Group has retained the services of Ora, Inc., a world-class ophthalmology contract research organization (“CRO”) to work with the Group towards an IND submission for OK-101. As yet, there are no firm financial commitments for this contract.
  • OK-201 – The Group are committed to paying an annual license maintenance fee until the first commercial sale. The annual license maintenance fee is $15,000 until May 2021, and $10,000 thereafter.

The Group also has a commitment to issue warrants when the remaining Convertible Loan Notes entered into in May 2020 are converted into shares. The shares will be issued with a warrant attached at an exercise price of 0.4p (with a maximum life of 5 years from the date of issue of the CLN, regardless of the conversion date).

15. POST BALANCE SHEET EVENTS

On 1 December 2021, the Group announced that Bernard Denoyer has been appointed as a non-executive director of the Company with immediate effect.


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