G1 Therapeutics Announces Publication of Pooled Results from Pivotal Clinical Program of COSELA™ (trilaciclib) in Clinical Lung Cancer
- Pivotal Program Evaluated the Effects of Administering COSELA Prior to Chemotherapy on Clinically Relevant Endpoints Across Multiple Hematopoietic Lineages, Including Hematologic Adverse Events, Laboratory Values, and Use of Supportive Care Interventions -
- Compared with Placebo, Administering COSELA Prior to Chemotherapy Resulted in Significant Decreases in Most Measures of Multilineage Chemotherapy-Induced Myelosuppression (CIM), with a Reduction in the Incidence of Chemotherapy-Related Hematologic Adverse Events -
RESEARCH TRIANGLE PARK, N.C., April 26, 2021 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- G1 Therapeutics, Inc. (Nasdaq: GTHX), a commercial-stage oncology company, today announced that the peer-reviewed journal of Clinical Lung Cancer has published the final pooled results from three clinical trials of COSELA™ (trilaciclib) in extensive-stage small cell lung cancer (ES-SCLC). Compared with placebo, administering COSELA prior to chemotherapy resulted in significant decreases in most measures of multilineage chemotherapy-induced myelosuppression (CIM), with a reduction in the incidence of chemotherapy-related hematologic adverse events. The myeloprotective benefits of COSELA translated into a reduced need for supportive care interventions and hospitalizations due to CIM or sepsis, and improvements in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) domains, including fatigue, physical well-being, and functional well-being, with no impact on the antitumor efficacy of the individual chemotherapy regimens in ES-SCLC.
COSELA was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration on February 12, 2021 to decrease the incidence of chemotherapy-induced myelosuppression in adult patients when administered prior to a platinum/etoposide-containing regimen or topotecan-containing regimen for ES-SCLC.
The Clinical Lung Cancer publication, entitled Effects of Trilaciclib on Chemotherapy-Induced Myelosuppression and Patient-Reported Outcomes in Patients with Extensive-Stage Small Cell Lung Cancer: Pooled Results from Three Phase 2 Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Studies (Weiss, J. et al.) can be found here.
“Cancer patients have two major sources of physical suffering - the cancer itself and the side effects of chemotherapy,” said Jared Weiss, MD, Associate Professor of Medicine, Division of Oncology, Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center at the University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, NC. “Small cell tends to present with bulky and rapidly growing central chest disease, which can compress airways and major vessels leading to shortness of breath, cough, and pain. While chemotherapy is great at shrinking the cancer and relieving these symptoms, it comes at the cost of side effects. The most common side effects from chemotherapy are suppression of blood counts and the consequences of that - neutropenia, anemia and fatigue. Trilaciclib helps decrease these side effects which can help optimize quality of life. With trilaciclib added to standard therapy, my patients experience less hematologic toxicity, a reduced need for supportive care interventions and hospitalizations due to CIM or sepsis, and ultimately improvements in health-related quality of life domains, including fatigue, and physical and functional well-being.”
Data from three randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled studies were pooled to evaluate the effects of COSELA administered prior to standard-of-care chemotherapy in patients with ES-SCLC. The primary endpoints were duration of severe neutropenia (DSN) in cycle 1, and occurrence of severe neutropenia (SN). Additional prespecified endpoints further assessed the effect of COSELA on myeloprotection, HRQoL, antitumor efficacy, and safety.
Of 242 randomized patients, 123 received COSELA and 119 received placebo. Compared with placebo, administration of COSELA prior to chemotherapy resulted in significant decreases in most measures of multilineage CIM. For example, statistically significant improvements in the primary endpoints of duration of severe neutropenia in cycle 1 and occurrence of severe neutropenia were observed in the COSELA group versus the placebo group. Mean (standard deviation) DSN in cycle 1 was 0 days (1.8) with COSELA versus 4 days (5.1) with placebo (P < 0.0001), and throughout the treatment period, 14 (11.4%) patients in the COSELA group had SN versus 63 (52.9%) patients in the placebo group (P < 0.0001). Most secondary myelosuppression endpoints, including the percentage of patients with G-CSF administration, grade 3/4 anemia, RBC transfusions on/after week 5 of study treatment, ESA administrations, and grade 3/4 thrombocytopenia also significantly favored COSELA over placebo.
The reduction in hematologic toxicity translated into the reduced need for supportive care interventions and hospitalizations due to CIM or sepsis, and improvements in HRQoL domains related to the protected cell lineages, including physical and functional wellbeing, symptoms and impact of fatigue, and the symptoms and effects on physical and functional wellbeing due to anemia as reported in the patient reported outcome data.
The authors concluded that administering COSELA prior to chemotherapy resulted in clinically meaningful reductions in CIM and its consequences, and improved patient HRQoL, with no impact on the antitumor efficacy of three individual chemotherapy regimens used in the first- or second-/third-line treatment of ES-SCLC.
About COSELA™ (trilaciclib)
COSELATM (trilaciclib) is the first and only myeloprotection therapy to help decrease the incidence of chemotherapy-induced myelosuppression. Administered intravenously as a 30-minute infusion within four hours prior to the start of chemotherapy, COSELA helps proactively deliver multilineage myeloprotection to patients with extensive-stage small cell lung cancer (ES-SCLC) being treated with chemotherapy. COSELA is indicated to decrease the incidence of chemotherapy-induced myelosuppression in adult patients when administered prior to a platinum/etoposide-containing regimen or topotecan-containing regimen for ES-SCLC.
About Small Cell Lung Cancer
In the United States, approximately 30,000 small cell lung cancer patients are treated annually. SCLC, one of the two main types of lung cancer, accounts for about 10% to 15% of all lung cancers. SCLC is an aggressive disease and tends to grow and spread faster than NSCLC. It is usually asymptomatic; once symptoms do appear, it often indicates that the cancer has spread to other parts of the body. About 70% of people with SCLC will have cancer that has metastasized at the time they are diagnosed. The severity of symptoms usually increases with increased cancer growth and spread. From the time of diagnosis, the general 5-year survival rate for people with SCLC is 6%. The five-year survival rates for limited-stage (the cancer is confined to one side of the chest) SCLC is 12% to 15%, and for extensive stage (cancer has spread to the other lung and beyond), survival rates are less than 2%. Chemotherapy is the most common treatment for ES-SCLC.
COSELA™ (trilaciclib) for Injection
COSELA is indicated to decrease the incidence of chemotherapy-induced myelosuppression in adult patients when administered prior to a platinum/etoposide-containing regimen or topotecan-containing regimen for extensive-stage small cell lung cancer (ES-SCLC).
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION
- COSELA is contraindicated in patients with a history of serious hypersensitivity reactions to trilaciclib.
WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS
Injection-Site Reactions, Including Phlebitis and Thrombophlebitis
- COSELA administration can cause injection-site reactions, including phlebitis and thrombophlebitis, which occurred in 56 (21%) of 272 patients receiving COSELA in clinical trials, including Grade 2 (10%) and Grade 3 (0.4%) adverse reactions. Monitor patients for signs and symptoms of injection-site reactions, including infusion-site pain and erythema during infusion. For mild (Grade 1) to moderate (Grade 2) injection-site reactions, flush line/cannula with at least 20 mL of sterile 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP or 5% Dextrose Injection, USP after end of infusion. For severe (Grade 3) or life-threatening (Grade 4) injection-site reactions, stop infusion and permanently discontinue COSELA. Injection-site reactions led to discontinuation of treatment in 3 (1%) of the 272 patients.
Acute Drug Hypersensitivity Reactions
- COSELA administration can cause acute drug hypersensitivity reactions, which occurred in 16 (6%) of 272 patients receiving COSELA in clinical trials, including Grade 2 reactions (2%). Monitor patients for signs and symptoms of acute drug hypersensitivity reactions. For moderate (Grade 2) acute drug hypersensitivity reactions, stop infusion and hold COSELA until the adverse reaction recovers to Grade ≤1. For severe (Grade 3) or life-threatening (Grade 4) acute drug hypersensitivity reactions, stop infusion and permanently discontinue COSELA.
Interstitial Lung Disease/Pneumonitis
- Severe, life-threatening, or fatal interstitial lung disease (ILD) and/or pneumonitis can occur in patients treated with cyclin-dependent kinases (CDK)4/6 inhibitors, including COSELA, with which it occurred in 1 (0.4%) of 272 patients receiving COSELA in clinical trials. Monitor patients for pulmonary symptoms of ILD/pneumonitis. For recurrent moderate (Grade 2) ILD/pneumonitis, and severe (Grade 3) or life-threatening (Grade 4) ILD/pneumonitis, permanently discontinue COSELA.
- Based on its mechanism of action, COSELA can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. Females of reproductive potential should use an effective method of contraception during treatment with COSELA and for at least 3 weeks after the final dose.
- Serious adverse reactions occurred in 30% of patients receiving COSELA. Serious adverse reactions reported in >3% of patients who received COSELA included respiratory failure, hemorrhage, and thrombosis.
- Fatal adverse reactions were observed in 5% of patients receiving COSELA. Fatal adverse reactions for patients receiving COSELA included pneumonia (2%), respiratory failure (2%), acute respiratory failure (<1%), hemoptysis (<1%), and cerebrovascular accident (<1%).
- Permanent discontinuation due to an adverse reaction occurred in 9% of patients who received COSELA. Adverse reactions leading to permanent discontinuation of any study treatment for patients receiving COSELA included pneumonia (2%), asthenia (2%), injection-site reaction, thrombocytopenia, cerebrovascular accident, ischemic stroke, infusion-related reaction, respiratory failure, and myositis (<1% each).
- Infusion interruptions due to an adverse reaction occurred in 4.1% of patients who received COSELA.
- The most common adverse reactions (≥10%) were fatigue, hypocalcemia, hypokalemia, hypophosphatemia, aspartate aminotransferase increased, headache, and pneumonia.
- COSELA is an inhibitor of OCT2, MATE1, and MATE-2K. Co-administration of COSELA may increase the concentration or net accumulation of OCT2, MATE1, and MATE-2K substrates in the kidney (e.g., dofetilide, dalfampridine, and cisplatin).
To report suspected adverse reactions, contact G1 Therapeutics at 1-800-790-G1TX or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch.
Please see full Prescribing Information here
For more information about COSELA, please call 1-800-790-G1TX (1-800-790-4189)
About G1 Therapeutics
G1 Therapeutics, Inc. is a commercial-stage biopharmaceutical company focused on the discovery, development and delivery of next generation therapies that improve the lives of those affected by cancer, including the Company’s first commercial product, COSELA™ (trilaciclib). G1 has a deep clinical pipeline evaluating targeted cancer therapies in a variety of solid tumors, including colorectal, breast, lung, and bladder cancers. G1 Therapeutics is based in Research Triangle Park, N.C. For additional information, please visit www.g1therapeutics.com and follow us on Twitter @G1Therapeutics.
G1 Therapeutics™ and the G1 Therapeutics logo and COSELA™ and the COSELA logo are trademarks of G1 Therapeutics, Inc.
This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Words such as "may," "will," "expect," "plan," "anticipate," "estimate," "intend" and similar expressions (as well as other words or expressions referencing future events, conditions or circumstances) are intended to identify forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements in this press release include, but are not limited to, those relating to expectations for the commercial launch of COSELA (trilaciclib), the therapeutic potential of COSELA (trilaciclib), and COSELA’s (trilaciclib) possibility to improve patient outcomes across multiple indications, and COSELA (trilaciclib) may fail to achieve the degree of market acceptance for commercial success, are based on the company’s expectations and assumptions as of the date of this press release. Each of these forward-looking statements involves risks and uncertainties. Factors that may cause the company’s actual results to differ from those expressed or implied in the forward-looking statements in this press release are discussed in the company’s filings with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, including the "Risk Factors" sections contained therein and include, but are not limited to, the company’s ability to complete a successful commercial launch for COSELA (trilaciclib); the company’s ability to complete clinical trials for, obtain approvals for and commercialize any of its product candidates other than COSELA (trilaciclib); the company’s initial success in ongoing clinical trials may not be indicative of results obtained when these trials are completed or in later stage trials; the inherent uncertainties associated with developing new products or technologies and operating as a commercial-stage company; and market conditions. Except as required by law, the company assumes no obligation to update any forward-looking statements contained herein to reflect any change in expectations, even as new information becomes available.
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