Cardiff Oncology Reports Third Quarter 2022 Results and Provides Business Updates

  • Data from Phase 1b/2 trial in KRAS-mutated metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC), per September 12th announcement, show durable responses to treatment and support initiation of ONSEMBLE, a randomized Phase 2 trial in KRAS/NRAS-mutated mCRC
  • Cash, cash equivalents, and short-term investments of approximately $114 million as of September 30, 2022, provide projected runway into 2025

SAN DIEGO, Nov. 3, 2022 /PRNewswire/ -- Cardiff Oncology, Inc. (Nasdaq: CRDF), a clinical-stage biotechnology company leveraging PLK1 inhibition to develop novel therapies across a range of cancers, today announced financial results and recent highlights for the third quarter ended September 30, 2022.

"We recently announced Phase 1b/2 data that demonstrate onvansertib's ability to generate durable responses in KRAS-mutated mCRC patients, with various underlying mutations, when combined with standard-of-care FOLFIRI/bevacizumab. In addition, we observed an increase in objective response rate and progression-free survival in the bevacizumab-naïve subgroup of patients, providing key learnings to maximize ovansertib's therapeutic and commercial potential," said Mark Erlander, PhD, chief executive officer of Cardiff Oncology. "In the fourth quarter we plan to activate ONSEMBLE, a randomized Phase 2 trial in our lead KRAS/NRAS-mutated mCRC program. This trial is designed to corroborate the robust signal of efficacy provided by the Phase 1b/2 results and position onvansertib for a possible accelerated approval opportunity by demonstrating its contribution over standard-of-care alone."

Dr. Erlander continued, "With a clear strategic focus and projected cash runway into 2025, we believe we are well positioned to generate value from each of our programs in the coming months and years."

Recent highlights for the quarter ended September 30, 2022 include:

KRAS/NRAS-mutated mCRC Program:

ONSEMBLE, a Phase 2, open-label, randomized trial for second line treatment of KRAS/NRAS-mutated mCRC, on track for activation in Q4 2022

The Company designed the ONSEMBLE trial to corroborate the robust efficacy signal observed in the Phase 1b/2 trial of onvansertib plus standard-of-care (SoC) FOLFIRI/bevacizumab in second-line KRAS-mutated mCRC, demonstrate onvansertib's contribution above SoC alone and confirm the optimal dose. ONSEMBLE is expected to enroll approximately 150 patients who will be randomized 1:1:1 to receive SoC alone, SoC plus 20 mg onvansertib, or SoC plus 30 mg onvansertib, with onvansertib administered on days 1-5 and 15-19 of 28-day treatment cycles. The primary endpoint of the trial is objective response rate (ORR). Progression-free survival (PFS) and duration of response (DoR) will be key secondary endpoints. Activation of the trial is expected in Q4 2022, and topline data are expected in 2H 2024.

Phase 1b/2 mCRC data show durable response to treatment across multiple KRAS-mutation variants, as well as an objective response rate and median progression-free survival that substantially exceed those observed in historical control trials

Data from the Phase 1b/2 trial of onvansertib plus FOLFIRI/bevacizumab in second line KRAS-mutated mCRC were presented during the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Congress 2022 and on a company webcast on September 12, 2022. Key data and conclusions featured in these presentations include:

  • Objective response rate (ORR) across all evaluable patients was 35% (n=48) as compared to an ORR of 5-13% observed historically1-4, and the median duration of response (mDoR) across all evaluable patients was 11.7 months
  • Median progression-free survival (mPFS) was 9.3 months across all evaluable patients, as compared to mPFS of ~4.5 – 5.7 months observed historically in combination trials that included the standard-of-care FOLFIRI with bevacizumab1-4

Subgroup analysis from Phase 1b/2 mCRC trial shows improved ORR and mPFS in bevacizumab naïve patients

A recently reported subgroup analysis from the ongoing Phase 1b/2 clinical trial of onvansertib plus FOLFIRI/bevacizumab in second line KRAS-mutated mCRC showed an ORR of 69% and mPFS of 13.5 months in bevacizumab naïve patients (n=13). These data compare favorably to historical control trials in mCRC, which show an ORR of approximately 25% and a mPFS of approximately 6.9 months in bevacizumab naïve patients4-9. The observed increase in ORR in bevacizumab naïve patients in the Phase 1b/2 trial was seen consistently across all patient characteristics and demographics. Based on these findings, the Company plans to stratify for prior bevacizumab exposure within the randomization of the ONSEMBLE trial and conduct preclinical studies to explore the apparent synergy between onvansertib and bevacizumab.

Data presented at the ESMO conference suggest combining onvansertib with irinotecan (a component of FOLFIRI) overcomes irinotecan-resistance in RAS-mutated mCRC

Findings from Cardiff Oncology's Expanded Access Program (EAP) of onvansertib in KRAS-mutated mCRC as well as preclinical data from patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models of irinotecan-resistant, RAS-mutated mCRC were featured in a poster at the ESMO Congress 2022. Highlights from the presentation include:

  • EAP patients with prior irinotecan treatment (43 of 51) showed clinical benefit following treatment
  • The combination of onvansertib and irinotecan showed significantly greater anti-tumor activity compared to onvansertib monotherapy in 5 of 6 tested PDX models of irinotecan-resistant, RAS-mutated mCRC

Collectively, these results support the observed mDoR in Cardiff Oncology's ongoing Phase 1b/2 trial in KRAS-mutated mCRC and suggest onvansertib may combine with irinotecan to overcome mechanisms driving intrinsic and refractory resistance.

Metastatic Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma (mPDAC) Program:

Preliminary data provide early signal of efficacy and compare favorably to historical control trials

Preliminary data from five evaluable patients in an ongoing open-label Phase 2 trial of onvansertib in combination with nanoliposomal irinotecan and 5-FU in second-line metastatic PDAC showed one patient achieving an initial partial response (PR) and three patients achieving stable disease (SD). Based on prior clinical studies, the historical ORR and mPFS for second-line mPDAC patients are 7.7% and 3.1 months, respectively10,11. All four patients achieving a PR or SD remained on study without disease progression as of the data cut-off date and all have shown tumor shrinkage from baseline. Additional data from the ongoing Phase 2 trial are expected in mid-2023.

Investigator-initiated Trials

Trials in triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) and small cell lung cancer (SCLC) enrolled first patients

A single-arm, Phase 1b/2 trial of onvansertib in combination with paclitaxel in patients with unresectable locally advanced or metastatic TNBC recently enrolled its first patient at Dana Farber Cancer Institute (DFCI). Preliminary data from the trial are expected in late 2023 or early 2024. For more information, please visit NCT05383196.

A single-arm, two-stage, Phase 2 trial of onvansertib monotherapy in patients with relapsed SCLC recently enrolled its first patient at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC). Preliminary data from the trial are expected in mid-2023. For more information, please visit NCT05450965.

Third Quarter 2022 Financial Results:

Liquidity, cash burn and cash runway

As of September 30, 2022, Cardiff Oncology had approximately $114 million in cash, cash equivalents, and short-term investments.

Net cash used in operating activities for the third quarter of 2022 was approximately $7.5 million, an increase of approximately $2.0 million from $5.5 million for the same period in 2021. Based on its current expectations and projections, the Company believes its current cash resources are sufficient to fund its operations into 2025.

Operating Expenses


(in thousands)

Three Months Ended September 30,







Costs and expenses:


Research and development

$              6,009


$              4,154


$              1,855

Selling, general and administrative






Total operating expenses

$              9,086


$              7,084


$              2,002


The overall increase in research and development expenses was primarily related to chemistry, manufacturing, and controls ("CMC"); and clinical pharmacology studies to support the development of our lead drug candidate, onvansertib. Salaries and staff costs increased primarily due to additional hires in senior management and our clinical operations team. 

The overall increase in selling, general and administrative expense was primarily due to higher salaries costs from merit increases and additional new hires. An increase in D&O insurance costs also contributed to higher selling, general and administrative expenses in the current period, offset by a reduction in recruiting fees from the prior period.


  1. Giessen et al., Acta Oncologica 2015, 54, 187-193
  2. Cremolini et al., Lancet Oncol 2020, 21, 497–507
  3. Antoniotti et al., Correspondence Lancet Oncol. June 2020
  4. Bennouna et al., Lancet Oncol. 2013, 14, 29–37
  5. Hansen et al., Cancers 2021, 13, 1031
  6. Tabernaro et al. Eur J Cancer, 2014, 50, 320-332
  7. Van Cutsem et al., J. Clin. Oncol. 2012, 30,3499–3506
  8. Tabenaro et al, Lancet Oncol 2015, 16, 499–508
  9. Beretta et al., Med Oncol 2013, 30:486
  10. Wang-Gillam A, Li C-P, Bodoky G, et al. Lancet 2016, 387:545-57
  11. Waters AM, Der CJ. Cold Spring Harb Perspect Med 2018, 8(9)

About Cardiff Oncology, Inc. 
Cardiff Oncology is a clinical-stage biotechnology company leveraging PLK1 inhibition to develop novel therapies across a range of cancers. Our lead asset is onvansertib, a PLK1 inhibitor we are evaluating in combination with standard-of-care (SoC) therapeutics in clinical programs targeting indications such as KRAS/NRAS-mutated metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) and metastatic pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (mPDAC), as well as in investigator-initiated trials in triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) and small cell lung cancer (SCLC). These programs and our broader development strategy are designed to target tumor vulnerabilities in order to overcome treatment resistance and deliver superior clinical benefit compared to the SoC alone. For more information, please visit

Forward-Looking Statements 
Certain statements in this press release are forward-looking within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements may be identified using words such as "anticipate," "believe," "forecast," "estimated" and "intend" or other similar terms or expressions that concern Cardiff Oncology's expectations, strategy, plans or intentions. These forward-looking statements are based on Cardiff Oncology's current expectations and actual results could differ materially. There are several factors that could cause actual events to differ materially from those indicated by such forward-looking statements. These factors include, but are not limited to, clinical trials involve a lengthy and expensive process with an uncertain outcome, and results of earlier studies and trials may not be predictive of future trial results; our clinical trials may be suspended or discontinued due to unexpected side effects or other safety risks that could preclude approval of our product candidate; risks related to business interruptions, including the outbreak of COVID-19 coronavirus, which could seriously harm our financial condition and increase our costs and expenses; uncertainties of government or third party payer reimbursement; dependence on key personnel; limited experience in marketing and sales; substantial competition; uncertainties of patent protection and litigation; dependence upon third parties; and risks related to failure to obtain FDA clearances or approvals and noncompliance with FDA regulations. There are no guarantees that our product candidate will be utilized or prove to be commercially successful. Additionally, there are no guarantees that future clinical trials will be completed or successful or that any precision medicine therapeutics will receive regulatory approval for any indication or prove to be commercially successful. Investors should read the risk factors set forth in Cardiff Oncology's Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021, and other periodic reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. While the list of factors presented here is considered representative, no such list should be considered to be a complete statement of all potential risks and uncertainties. Unlisted factors may present significant additional obstacles to the realization of forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements included herein are made as of the date hereof, and Cardiff Oncology does not undertake any obligation to update publicly such statements to reflect subsequent events or circumstances.

Cardiff Oncology Contact: 
James Levine 
Chief Financial Officer

Investor Contact: 
Joyce Allaire
LifeSci Advisors


Cardiff Oncology, Inc.

Condensed Statements of Operations

(in thousands, except for per share amounts)



Three Months Ended September 30,


Nine Months Ended September 30,









Royalty revenues

$                   93


$                   86


$                 258


$                 226

Costs and expenses:


Research and development








Selling, general and administrative








Total operating expenses









Loss from operations









Interest income, net








Gain (loss) from change in fair value of derivative financial instruments—warrants






Other income (expense), net








Net loss








Preferred stock dividend








Net loss attributable to common stockholders

$            (8,577)


$            (6,919)


$          (30,025)


$          (18,867)


Net loss per common share — basic and diluted

$              (0.20)


$               (0.17)


$               (0.69)


$               (0.49)


Weighted-average shares outstanding — basic and diluted









Cardiff Oncology, Inc.

Condensed Balance Sheets

(in thousands)



September 30, 2022


December 31, 2021



Current assets:


Cash and cash equivalents

$                  18,717


$                  11,943

Short-term investments




Accounts receivable and unbilled receivable




Prepaid expenses and other current assets




Total current assets




Property and equipment, net




Operating lease right-of-use assets




Other assets




Total Assets

$                123,631


$                149,544


Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity


Current liabilities:


Accounts payable

$                     1,425


$                     1,439

Accrued liabilities




Operating lease liabilities




Other current liabilities




Total current liabilities




Operating lease liabilities, net of current portion




Total Liabilities





Stockholders' equity




Total liabilities and stockholders' equity

$                123,631


$                149,544


Cardiff Oncology, Inc.

Condensed Statements of Cash Flows

(in thousands)



Nine Months Ended September 30,





Operating activities


Net loss

$          (30,007)


$          (18,849)

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:


Loss on disposal of fixed assets







Stock-based compensation expense




Amortization of premiums on short-term investments




Change in fair value of derivative financial instruments—warrants



Release of clinical trial funding commitment




Changes in operating assets and liabilities




Net cash used in operating activities





Investing activities:


Net capital expenditures




Net purchases, maturities and sales of short-term investments




Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities





Financing activities:


Proceeds from sales of common stock, net of expenses



Proceeds from exercise of options



Proceeds from exercise of warrants



Net cash provided by financing activities




Net change in cash and cash equivalents




Cash and cash equivalents—Beginning of period




Cash and cash equivalents—End of period

$           18,717


$           13,165



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SOURCE Cardiff Oncology, Inc.

Company Codes: NASDAQ-NMS:CRDF

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