ODAC Hones in on Secura's P13K Inhibitor in Next Vote
The FDA will meet Friday to discuss the future of Secura Bio’s Copiktra (duvelisib), which has been approved as a third-line treatment for relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma (CLL/SLL).
Copiktra is an inhibitor of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)-delta and PI3K-gamma. The Oncologic Drugs Advisory Committee (ODAC) members will examine updated overall survival data and safety and tolerability concerns that plague the PI3K inhibitor class.
PI3K inhibitors have become an especially troubling class of drugs for the FDA as concerns continue to mount over their safety.
Earlier this year, an FDA advisory committee overwhelmingly recommended halting single-arm clinical studies of PI3K inhibitors due to safety concerns.
Instead, ODAC, the same committee that will review Copiktra’s data, recommended the use of randomized clinical trials in order to mitigate the safety concerns.
Gilead Sciences withdrew its P13K inhibitor Zydelig (idelalisib) from the market. In June, The FDA withdrew approval of TG Therapeutics' cancer drug Ukoniq (umbralisib). Bayer’s copanlisib has also been brought into question.
Copiktra, which Boston-based Verastem initially developed, was granted full approval by the FDA in 2018. In addition to CLL, it was also granted accelerated approval as a second-line treatment for adult patients with relapsed or refractory follicular lymphoma (FL).
Long-term follow-up data that will be reviewed suggests Copiktra did not provide longer life to patients when equated to the Novartis comparator drug Arzerra. However, in its briefing documents, the FDA honed in on Copiktra’s concerning safety data.
“Duvelisib is associated with substantial toxicity that includes fatal or serious infection, diarrhea or colitis, rash, pneumonitis, hepatotoxicity and neutropenia,” the FDA wrote in its briefing documents.
Pointing to the DUO trial, the FDA said patients treated with duvelisib experienced higher rates of adverse and serious adverse events. Trial data showed 23 patients who received Copiktra, about 15% of that patient population, died. Only 5 patients who received Novartis’ Arzerra (atumumab), about 3%, died.
The primary difference in fatal adverse events was infection, typically pneumonia. Data showed that 14 patients (9%) experienced a fatal infection with Copiktra compared to one patient for Kesimpta, the report said.
Other safety data showed 124 patients treated with Copiktra, about 78% of the patient population, faced serious adverse events, while 50 patients in the Arzerra arm, about 32%, suffered serious adverse events. Seventy patients who received Copiktra discontinued treatment and 48 patients saw their dosing levels reduced.
Beyond CLL, Copiktra is being assessed as a potential treatment for peripheral T-cell lymphoma. It previously received Fast Track designation from the FDA for this indication.
Upcoming Business: GSK’s Zejula
In November, ODAC will again meet, but this time to discuss GSK PARP inhibitor Zejula.
The meeting comes after the company announced its intentions to withdraw Zejula as a fourth-line treatment for advanced ovarian, fallopian tube or primary peritoneal cancer that is associated with homologous recombination deficiency (HRD) positive status.
GSK noted the decision was made in consultation with the FDA and based on a totality of PARP inhibitor data in the late-line ovarian cancer treatment setting. In its note, GSK reported that data from other PARP inhibitors showed a “potential detrimental effect on overall survival” in studies conducted in a BRCA mutant 3L+ advanced ovarian cancer population.
During the meeting, the committee will hear updated data, including final overall survival data from the NOVA trial. The committee will determine whether the data supports continued labeling in the U.S. market.
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