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PLoS By Category | Recent PLoS Articles
Physiology - Public Health and Epidemiology - Radiology and Medical Imaging

Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor Use Is Associated with Right Ventricular Structure and Function: The MESA-Right Ventricle Study
Published: Friday, February 17, 2012
Author: Corey E. Ventetuolo et al.

by Corey E. Ventetuolo, R. Graham Barr, David A. Bluemke, Aditya Jain, Joseph A. C. Delaney, W. Gregory Hundley, Joao A. C. Lima, Steven M. Kawut

Purpose

Serotonin and the serotonin transporter have been implicated in the development of pulmonary hypertension (PH). Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) may have a role in PH treatment, but the effects of SSRI use on right ventricular (RV) structure and function are unknown. We hypothesized that SSRI use would be associated with RV morphology in a large cohort without cardiovascular disease (N?=?4114).

Methods

SSRI use was determined by medication inventory during the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis baseline examination. RV measures were assessed via cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. The cross-sectional relationship between SSRI use and each RV measure was assessed using multivariable linear regression; analyses for RV mass and end-diastolic volume (RVEDV) were stratified by sex.

Results

After adjustment for multiple covariates including depression and left ventricular measures, SSRI use was associated with larger RV stroke volume (RVSV) (2.75 mL, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.48–5.02 mL, p?=?0.02). Among men only, SSRI use was associated with greater RV mass (1.08 g, 95% CI 0.19–1.97 g, p?=?0.02) and larger RVEDV (7.71 mL, 95% 3.02–12.40 mL, p?=?0.001). SSRI use may have been associated with larger RVEDV among women and larger RV end-systolic volume in both sexes.

Conclusions

SSRI use was associated with higher RVSV in cardiovascular disease-free individuals and, among men, greater RV mass and larger RVEDV. The effects of SSRI use in patients with (or at risk for) RV dysfunction and the role of sex in modifying this relationship warrant further study.

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