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PLoS By Category | Recent PLoS Articles
Biochemistry - Chemistry - Hematology - Nephrology - Physiology

Assessment of Renal Function by the Stable Oxygen and Hydrogen Isotopes in Human Blood Plasma
Published: Monday, February 13, 2012
Author: Tai-Chih Kuo et al.

by Tai-Chih Kuo, Chung-Ho Wang, Hsiu-Chen Lin, Yuan-Hau Lin, Matthew Lin, Chun-Mao Lin, Hsien-Shou Kuo

Water (H2O) is the most abundant and important molecule of life. Natural water contains small amount of heavy isotopes. Previously, few animal model studies have shown that the isotopic composition of body water could play important roles in physiology and pathophysiology. Here we study the stable isotopic ratios of hydrogen (d2H) and oxygen (d18O) in human blood plasma. The stable isotopic ratio is defined and determined by dsample?=?[(Rsample/RSTD)-1] * 1000, where R is the molar ratio of rare to abundant, for example, 18O/16O. We observe that the d2H and the d18O in human blood plasma are associated with the human renal functions. The water isotope ratios of the d2H and d18O in human blood plasma of the control subjects are comparable to those of the diabetes subjects (with healthy kidney), but are statistically higher than those of the end stage renal disease subjects (p<0.001 for both ANOVA and Student's t-test). In addition, our data indicate the existence of the biological homeostasis of water isotopes in all subjects, except the end stage renal disease subjects under the haemodialysis treatment. Furthermore, the unexpected water contents (d2H and d18O) in blood plasma of body water may shed light on a novel assessment of renal functions.