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PLoS By Category | Recent PLoS Articles
Rheumatology - Women's Health

Pathway-Based Association Analyses Identified TRAIL Pathway for Osteoporotic Fractures
Published: Friday, July 08, 2011
Author: Yin-Ping Zhang et al.

by Yin-Ping Zhang, Yao-Zhong Liu, Yan Guo, Xiao-Gang Liu, Xiang-Hong Xu, Yan-Fang Guo, Yuan Chen, Feng Zhang, Feng Pan, Xue-Zhen Zhu, Hong-Wen Deng

Introduction

Hip OF carries the highest morbidity and mortality. Previous studies revealed that individual genes/loci in the Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF) -Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand (TRAIL) pathway were associated with bone metabolism. This study aims to verify the potential association between hip OF and TRAIL pathway.

Methods

Using genome-wide genotype data from Affymetrix 500 K SNP arrays, we performed novel pathway-based association analyses for hip OF in 700 elderly Chinese Han subjects (350 with hip OF and 350 healthy matched controls).

Results

The TRAIL pathway achieved a significant p value (p?=?0.01) for association with hip OF. Among the 38 genes in the TRAIL pathway, seven genes achieved nominally significant association with hip OF (p<0.05); the TNFSF10 (TRAIL) gene obtained the most significant p value (p?=?1.70×10-4). SNPs (rs719126, rs6533015, rs9594738, rs1805034, rs11160706) from five genes (CFLAR, NFKB1, TNFSF11, TNFRSF11A, TRAF3) of the pathway had minor alleles that appear to be protective to hip OF. SNPs (rs6445063 and rs4259415) from two genes (TNFSF10 and TNFRSF10B) of the pathway had minor alleles (A) that are associated with an increased risk of hip OF, with the ORs (odds ratios) of 16.51 (95%CI:3.83–71.24) and 1.37 (95%CI:1.08–1.74), respectively.

Conclusions

Our study supports the potential role of the TRAIL pathway in the pathogenesis of hip OF in Chinese Han population. Further functional study of this pathway will be pursued to determine the mechanism by which it confers risk to hip OF.

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