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PLoS By Category | Recent PLoS Articles
Oncology - Physiology - Rheumatology - Women's Health

Dissociation of Bone Resorption and Bone Formation in Adult Mice with a Non-Functional V-ATPase in Osteoclasts Leads to Increased Bone Strength
Published: Monday, November 07, 2011
Author: Kim Henriksen et al.

by Kim Henriksen, Carmen Flores, Jesper S. Thomsen, Anne-Marie Brüel, Christian S. Thudium, Anita V. Neutzsky-Wulff, Geerling E. J. Langenbach, Natalie Sims, Maria Askmyr, Thomas J. Martin, Vincent Everts, Morten A. Karsdal, Johan Richter

Osteopetrosis caused by defective acid secretion by the osteoclast, is characterized by defective bone resorption, increased osteoclast numbers, while bone formation is normal or increased. In contrast the bones are of poor quality, despite this uncoupling of formation from resorption. To shed light on the effect of uncoupling in adult mice with respect to bone strength, we transplanted irradiated three-month old normal mice with hematopoietic stem cells from control or oc/oc mice, which have defective acid secretion, and followed them for 12 to 28 weeks. Engraftment levels were assessed by flow cytometry of peripheral blood. Serum samples were collected every six weeks for measurement of bone turnover markers. At termination bones were collected for µCT and mechanical testing. An engraftment level of 98% was obtained. From week 6 until termination bone resorption was significantly reduced, while the osteoclast number was increased when comparing oc/oc to controls. Bone formation was elevated at week 6, normalized at week 12, and reduced onwards. µCT and mechanical analyses of femurs and vertebrae showed increased bone volume and bone strength of cortical and trabecular bone. In conclusion, these data show that attenuation of acid secretion in adult mice leads to uncoupling and improves bone strength.
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