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PLoS By Category | Recent PLoS Articles
Oncology - Urology

Contribution of ARLTS1 Cys148Arg (T442C) Variant with Prostate Cancer Risk and ARLTS1 Function in Prostate Cancer Cells
Published: Thursday, October 20, 2011
Author: Sanna Siltanen et al.

by Sanna Siltanen, Tiina Wahlfors, Martin Schindler, Outi R. Saramäki, John Patrick Mpindi, Leena Latonen, Robert L. Vessella, Teuvo L. J. Tammela, Olli Kallioniemi, Tapio Visakorpi, Johanna Schleutker

ARLTS1 is a recently characterized tumor suppressor gene at 13q14.3, a region frequently deleted in both sporadic and hereditary prostate cancer (PCa). ARLTS1 variants, especially Cys148Arg (T442C), increase susceptibility to different cancers, including PCa. In this study the role of Cys148Arg substitution was investigated as a risk factor for PCa using both genetic and functional analysis. Cys148Arg genotypes and expression of the ARLTS1 were explored in a large set of familial and unselected PCa cases, clinical tumor samples, xenografts, prostate cancer cell lines and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) samples. The frequency of the variant genotype CC was significantly higher in familial (OR?=?1.67, 95% CI?=?1.08–2.56, P?=?0.019) and unselected patients (OR?=?1.52, 95% CI?=?1.18–1.97, P?=?0.001) and the overall risk was increased (OR?=?1.54, 95% CI?=?1.20–1.98, P?=?0.0007). Additional analysis with clinicopathological data revealed an association with an aggressive disease (OR?=?1.28, 95% CI?=?1.05-8, P?=?0.02). The CC genotype of the Cys148Arg variant was also contributing to the lowered ARLTS1 expression status in lymphoblastoid cells from familial patients. In addition significantly lowered ARLTS1 expression was observed in clinical tumor samples compared to BPH samples (P?=?0.01). The ARLTS1 co-expression signature based on previously published microarray data was generated from 1587 cancer samples confirming the low expression of ARLTS1 in PCa and showed that ARLTS1 expression was strongly associated with immune processes. This study provides strong confirmation of the important role of ARLTS1 Cys148Arg variant as a contributor in PCa predisposition and a potential marker for aggressive disease outcome.