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PLoS By Category | Recent PLoS Articles
Gastroenterology and Hepatology - Pediatrics and Child Health - Pharmacology - Physiology - Respiratory Medicine

The K+ Channel Opener 1-EBIO Potentiates Residual Function of Mutant CFTR in Rectal Biopsies from Cystic Fibrosis Patients
Published: Wednesday, August 31, 2011
Author: Eva K. Roth et al.

by Eva K. Roth, Stephanie Hirtz, Julia Duerr, Daniel Wenning, Irmgard Eichler, Hans H. Seydewitz, Margarida D. Amaral, Marcus A. Mall

Background

The identification of strategies to improve mutant CFTR function remains a key priority in the development of new treatments for cystic fibrosis (CF). Previous studies demonstrated that the K+ channel opener 1-ethyl-2-benzimidazolone (1-EBIO) potentiates CFTR-mediated Cl- secretion in cultured cells and mouse colon. However, the effects of 1-EBIO on wild-type and mutant CFTR function in native human colonic tissues remain unknown.

Methods

We studied the effects of 1-EBIO on CFTR-mediated Cl- secretion in rectal biopsies from 47 CF patients carrying a wide spectrum of CFTR mutations and 57 age-matched controls. Rectal tissues were mounted in perfused micro-Ussing chambers and the effects of 1-EBIO were compared in control tissues, CF tissues expressing residual CFTR function and CF tissues with no detectable Cl- secretion.

Results

Studies in control tissues demonstrate that 1-EBIO activated CFTR-mediated Cl- secretion in the absence of cAMP-mediated stimulation and potentiated cAMP-induced Cl- secretion by 39.2±6.7% (P<0.001) via activation of basolateral Ca2+-activated and clotrimazole-sensitive KCNN4 K+ channels. In CF specimens, 1-EBIO potentiated cAMP-induced Cl- secretion in tissues with residual CFTR function by 44.4±11.5% (P<0.001), but had no effect on tissues lacking CFTR-mediated Cl-conductance.

Conclusions

We conclude that 1-EBIO potentiates Cl-secretion in native CF tissues expressing CFTR mutants with residual Cl- channel function by activation of basolateral KCNN4 K+ channels that increase the driving force for luminal Cl- exit. This mechanism may augment effects of CFTR correctors and potentiators that increase the number and/or activity of mutant CFTR channels at the cell surface and suggests KCNN4 as a therapeutic target for CF.

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