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PLoS By Category | Recent PLoS Articles
Molecular Biology - Science Policy

MicroRNA-450a-3p Represses Cell Proliferation and Regulates Embryo Development by Regulating Bub1 Expression in Mouse
Published: Monday, October 22, 2012
Author: Min Luo et al.

by Min Luo, Yaguang Weng, Jian Tang, Min Hu, Qiang Liu, Fengbing Jiang, Dandan Yang, Chen Liu, Xiaoqin Zhan, Peipei Song, Huili Bai, Baolin Li, Qiong Shi

Bub1 is a critical component of the spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC) and closely linked to cell proliferation and differentiation. We previously found that spontaneous abortion embryos contained a low level of Bub1 protein but normal mRNA level, while the knockdown of Bub1 leads to abnormal numerical chromosomes in embryonic cells. Here, we investigated the mechanism through which governs the post-transcriptional regulation of Bub1 protein expression level. We first conducted bioinformatics analysis and identified eight putative miRNAs that may target Bub1. Luciferase reporter assay confirmed that miR-450a-3p can directly regulate Bub1 by binding to the 3'-untranslated region of Bub1 mRNA. We found that the overexpression of miR-450a-3p in mouse embryonic fibroblast (MEF) cells down-regulated Bub1 protein level, repressed cell proliferation, increased apoptosis and restricted most cells in G1 phase of the cell cycle. Furthermore, when the fertilized eggs were microinjected with miR-450a-3p mimics, the cleavage of zygotes was effectively suppressed. Our results strongly suggest that an abnormally decreased Bub1 level regulated by miRNAs may be implicated in the pathogenesis of spontaneous miscarriage. Therefore, the blockade of miR-450a-3p may be explored as a novel therapeutic strategy for preventing spontaneous miscarriages.
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