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PLoS By Category | Recent PLoS Articles
Biotechnology - Critical Care and Emergency Medicine - Immunology - Physiology

Vascular Dysfunction following Polymicrobial Sepsis: Role of Pattern Recognition Receptors
Published: Friday, September 07, 2012
Author: Stefan Felix Ehrentraut et al.

by Stefan Felix Ehrentraut, Anne Dörr, Heidi Ehrentraut, Ralph Lohner, Sun-Hee Lee, Andreas Hoeft, Georg Baumgarten, Pascal Knuefermann, Olaf Boehm, Rainer Meyer

Aims

Aim was to elucidate the specific role of pattern recognition receptors in vascular dysfunction during polymicrobial sepsis (colon ascendens stent peritonitis, CASP).

Methods and Results

Vascular contractility of C57BL/6 (wildtype) mice and mice deficient for Toll-like receptor 2/4/9 (TLR2-D, TLR4-D, TLR9-D) or CD14 (CD14-D) was measured 18 h following CASP. mRNA expression of pro- (Tumor Necrosis Factor-a (TNFa), Interleukin (IL)-1ß, IL-6) and anti-inflammatory cytokines (IL-10) and of vascular inducible NO-Synthase (iNOS) was determined using RT-qPCR. Wildtype mice exhibited a significant loss of vascular contractility after CASP. This was aggravated in TLR2-D mice, blunted in TLR4-D animals and abolished in TLR9-D and CD14-D animals. TNF-a expression was significantly up-regulated after CASP in wildtype and TLR2-D animals, but not in mice deficient for TLR4, -9 or CD14. iNOS was significantly up-regulated in TLR2-D animals only. TLR2-D animals showed significantly higher levels of TLR4, -9 and CD14. Application of H154-ODN, a TLR9 antagonist, attenuated CASP-induced cytokine release and vascular dysfunction in wildtype mice.

Conclusions

Within our model, CD14 and TLR9 play a decisive role for the development of vascular dysfunction and thus can be effectively antagonized using H154-ODN. TLR2-D animals are more prone to polymicrobial sepsis, presumably due to up-regulation of TLR4, 9 and CD14.

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