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PLoS By Category | Recent PLoS Articles
Anesthesiology and Pain Management - Immunology - Neurological Disorders - Neuroscience

Involvement of AMPA Receptor GluR2 and GluR3 Trafficking in Trigeminal Spinal Subnucleus Caudalis and C1/C2 Neurons in Acute-Facial Inflammatory Pain
Published: Friday, August 24, 2012
Author: Makiko Miyamoto et al.

by Makiko Miyamoto, Yoshiyuki Tsuboi, Kuniya Honda, Masayuki Kobayashi, Kogo Takamiya, Richard L. Huganir, Masahiro Kondo, Masamichi Shinoda, Barry J. Sessle, Ayano Katagiri, Daiju Kita, Ikuko Suzuki, Yoshiyuki Oi, Koichi Iwata

To evaluate the involvement of trafficking of alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid receptor (AMPAR) GluR2 and GluR3 subunits in an acute inflammatory orofacial pain, we analyzed nocifensive behavior, phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase (pERK) and Fos expression in Vi/Vc, Vc and C1/C2 in GluR2 delta7 knock-in (KI), GluR3 delta7 KI mice and wild-type mice. We also studied Vc neuronal activity to address the hypothesis that trafficking of GluR2 and GluR3 subunits plays an important role in Vi/Vc, Vc and C1/C2 neuronal activity associated with orofacial inflammation in these mice. Late nocifensive behavior was significantly depressed in GluR2 delta7 KI and GluR3 delta7 KI mice. In addition, the number of pERK-immunoreactive (IR) cells was significantly decreased bilaterally in the Vi/Vc, Vc and C1/C2 in GluR2 delta7 KI and GluR3 delta7 KI mice compared to wild-type mice at 40 min after formalin injection, and was also significantly smaller in GluR3 delta7 KI compared to GluR2 delta7 KI mice. The number of Fos protein-IR cells in the ipsilateral Vi/Vc, Vc and C1/C2 was also significantly smaller in GluR2 delta7 KI and GluR3 delta7 KI mice compared to wild-type mice 40 min after formalin injection. Nociceptive neurons functionally identified as wide dynamic range neurons in the Vc, where pERK- and Fos protein-IR cell expression was prominent, showed significantly lower spontaneous activity in GluR2 delta7 KI and GluR3 delta7 KI mice than wild-type mice following formalin injection. These findings suggest that GluR2 and GluR3 trafficking is involved in the enhancement of Vi/Vc, Vc and C1/C2 nociceptive neuronal excitabilities at 16–60 min following formalin injection, resulting in orofacial inflammatory pain.