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PLoS By Category | Recent PLoS Articles
Hematology - Immunology

Coronary Artery Remodeling in a Model of Left Ventricular Pressure Overload Is Influenced by Platelets and Inflammatory Cells
Published: Monday, August 20, 2012
Author: Fanmuyi Yang et al.

by Fanmuyi Yang, Anping Dong, Paul Mueller, Jessica Caicedo, Alyssa Moore Sutton, Juliana Odetunde, Cordelia J. Barrick, Yuri M. Klyachkin, Ahmed Abdel-Latif, Susan S. Smyth

Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is usually accompanied by intensive interstitial and perivascular fibrosis, which may contribute to arrhythmogenic sudden cardiac death. The mechanisms underlying the development of cardiac fibrosis are incompletely understood. To investigate the role of perivascular inflammation in coronary artery remodeling and cardiac fibrosis during hypertrophic ventricular remodeling, we used a well-established mouse model of LVH (transverse aortic constriction [TAC]). Three days after pressure overload, macrophages and T lymphocytes accumulated around and along left coronary arteries in association with luminal platelet deposition. Consistent with these histological findings, cardiac expression of IL-10 was upregulated and in the systemic circulation, platelet white blood cell aggregates tended to be higher in TAC animals compared to sham controls. Since platelets can dynamically modulate perivascular inflammation, we investigated the impact of thrombocytopenia on the response to TAC. Immunodepletion of platelets decreased early perivascular T lymphocytes' accumulation and altered subsequent coronary artery remodeling. The contribution of lymphocytes were examined in Rag1-/- mice, which displayed significantly more intimal hyperplasia and perivascular fibrosis compared to wild-type mice following TAC. Collectively, our studies support a role of early perivascular accumulation of platelets and T lymphocytes in pressure overload-induced inflammation.