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PLoS By Category | Recent PLoS Articles
Immunology - Respiratory Medicine

IL-1 and IL-23 Mediate Early IL-17A Production in Pulmonary Inflammation Leading to Late Fibrosis
Published: Tuesday, August 16, 2011
Author: Paméla Gasse et al.

by Paméla Gasse, Nicolas Riteau, Rachel Vacher, Marie-Laure Michel, Alain Fautrel, Franco di Padova, Lizette Fick, Sabine Charron, Vincent Lagente, Gérard Eberl, Marc Le Bert, Valérie F. J. Quesniaux, François Huaux, Maria Leite-de-Moraes, Bernhard Ryffel, Isabelle Couillin

Background

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a devastating as yet untreatable disease. We demonstrated recently the predominant role of the NLRP3 inflammasome activation and IL-1ß expression in the establishment of pulmonary inflammation and fibrosis in mice.

Methods

The contribution of IL-23 or IL-17 in pulmonary inflammation and fibrosis was assessed using the bleomycin model in deficient mice.

Results

We show that bleomycin or IL-1ß-induced lung injury leads to increased expression of early IL-23p19, and IL-17A or IL-17F expression. Early IL-23p19 and IL-17A, but not IL-17F, and IL-17RA signaling are required for inflammatory response to BLM as shown with gene deficient mice or mice treated with neutralizing antibodies. Using FACS analysis, we show a very early IL-17A and IL-17F expression by ROR?t+ ?d T cells and to a lesser extent by CD4aß+ T cells, but not by iNKT cells, 24 hrs after BLM administration. Moreover, IL-23p19 and IL-17A expressions or IL-17RA signaling are necessary to pulmonary TGF-ß1 production, collagen deposition and evolution to fibrosis.

Conclusions

Our findings demonstrate the existence of an early IL-1ß-IL-23-IL-17A axis leading to pulmonary inflammation and fibrosis and identify innate IL-23 and IL-17A as interesting drug targets for IL-1ß driven lung pathology.

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