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PLoS By Category | Recent PLoS Articles
Biochemistry - Pathology - Physiology

The Odyssey of Hsp60 from Tumor Cells to Other Destinations Includes Plasma Membrane-Associated Stages and Golgi and Exosomal Protein-Trafficking Modalities
Published: Wednesday, July 25, 2012
Author: Claudia Campanella et al.

by Claudia Campanella, Fabio Bucchieri, Anna M. Merendino, Alberto Fucarino, Giosalba Burgio, Davide F. V. Corona, Giovanna Barbieri, Sabrina David, Felicia Farina, Giovanni Zummo, Everly Conway de Macario, Alberto J. L. Macario, Francesco Cappello

Background

In a previous work we showed for the first time that human tumor cells secrete Hsp60 via exosomes, which are considered immunologically active microvesicles involved in tumor progression. This finding raised questions concerning the route followed by Hsp60 to reach the exosomes, its location in them, and whether Hsp60 can be secreted also via other mechanisms, e.g., by the Golgi. We addressed these issues in the work presented here.

Principal Findings

We found that Hsp60 localizes in the tumor cell plasma membrane, is associated with lipid rafts, and ends up in the exosomal membrane. We also found evidence that Hsp60 localizes in the Golgi apparatus and its secretion is prevented by an inhibitor of this organelle.

Conclusions/Significance

We propose a multistage process for the translocation of Hsp60 from the inside to the outside of the cell that includes a combination of protein traffic pathways and, ultimately, presence of the chaperonin in the circulating blood. The new information presented should help in designing future strategies for research and for developing diagnostic-monitoring means useful in clinical oncology.

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