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PLoS By Category | Recent PLoS Articles
Biochemistry - Critical Care and Emergency Medicine - Immunology

MMP-8 Deficiency Increases TLR/RAGE Ligands S100A8 and S100A9 and Exacerbates Lung Inflammation during Endotoxemia
Published: Friday, June 29, 2012
Author: Adrián González-López et al.

by Adrián González-López, Alina Aguirre, Inés López-Alonso, Laura Amado, Aurora Astudillo, María Soledad Fernández-García, María F. Suárez, Estefanía Batalla-Solís, Enrique Colado, Guillermo M. Albaiceta

Matrix metalloproteinase-8, released mainly from neutrophils, is a critical regulator of the inflammatory response by its ability to cleave multiple mediators. Herein, we report the results of a model of endotoxemia after intraperitoneal LPS injection in mice lacking MMP-8 and their wildtype counterparts. Control, saline-treated animals showed no differences between genotypes. However, there was an increased lung inflammatory response, with a prominent neutrophilic infiltration in mutant animals after LPS treatment. Using a proteomic approach, we identify alarmins S100A8 and S100A9 as two of the main differences between genotypes. Mice lacking MMP-8 showed a significant increase in these two molecules in lung homogenates, but not in spleen and serum. Mice lacking MMP-8 also showed an increase in MIP-1a levels and a marked activation of the non-canonical NF-?B pathway, with no differences in CXC-chemokines such as MIP-2 or LIX. These results show that MMP-8 can modulate the levels of S100A8 and S100A9 and its absence promotes the lung inflammatory response during endotoxemia.
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