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PLoS By Category | Recent PLoS Articles
Biochemistry - Immunology - Microbiology - Otolaryngology - Physiology - Respiratory Medicine

Fatty Acid Binding Protein 1 Is Related with Development of Aspirin-Exacerbated Respiratory Disease
Published: Thursday, August 04, 2011
Author: Tae-Hoon Kim et al.

by Tae-Hoon Kim, Ji-Yeon Lee, Jong-Sook Park, Sung-Woo Park, An-Soo Jang, Jae-Yong Lee, Jang-Yul Byun, Soo-Taek Uh, Eun-Suk Koh, Il Yup Chung, Choon-Sik Park

Background

Aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD) refers to the development of bronchoconstriction in asthmatics following the ingestion of aspirin. Although alterations in eicosanoid metabolites play a role in AERD, other immune or inflammatory mechanisms may be involved. We aimed to identify proteins that were differentially expressed in nasal polyps between patients with AERD and aspirin-tolerant asthma (ATA).

Methodology/Principal Findings

Two-dimensional electrophoresis was adopted for differential display proteomics. Proteins were identified by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS). Western blotting and immunohistochemical staining were performed to compare the amount of fatty acid-binding protein 1 (FABP1) in the nasal polyps of patients with AERD and ATA. Fifteen proteins were significantly up- (seven spots) or down-regulated in the nasal polyps of patients with AERD (n?=?5) compared to those with ATA (n?=?8). LC-MS revealed an increase in seven proteins expression and a decrease in eight proteins expression in patients with AERD compared to those with ATA (P?=?0.003–0.045). FABP1-expression based on immunoblotting and immunohistochemical analysis was significantly higher in the nasal polyps of patients with AERD compared to that in patients with ATA. FABP1 was observed in epithelial, eosinophils, macrophages, and the smooth-muscle cells of blood vessels in the polyps.

Conclusions/Significance

Our results indicate that alterations in 15 proteins, including FABP1, may be related to the development of AERD.

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