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PLoS By Category | Recent PLoS Articles
Immunology - Rheumatology

The Q705K Polymorphism in NLRP3 Is a Gain-of-Function Alteration Leading to Excessive Interleukin-1ß and IL-18 Production
Published: Tuesday, April 17, 2012
Author: Deepti Verma et al.

by Deepti Verma, Eva Särndahl, Henrik Andersson, Per Eriksson, Mats Fredrikson, Jan-Ingvar Jönsson, Maria Lerm, Peter Söderkvist

Background

The Q705K polymorphism in NLRP3 has been implicated in several chronic inflammatory diseases. In this study we determine the functional role of this commonly occurring polymorphism using an in-vitro system.

Principal Findings

NLRP3-WT and NLRP3-Q705K were retrovirally transduced into the human monocytic cell line THP-1, followed by the assessment of IL-1ß and IL-18 levels in the cell culture supernatant. THP-1 cells expressing the above NLRP3 variants were sorted based upon Green Fluorescent Protein (GFP) expression. Cytokine response to alum (one of the most widely used adjuvants in vaccines) in the cells stably expressing NLRP3-WT and NLRP3-Q705K were determined. IL-1ß and IL-18 levels were found to be elevated in THP-1 cells transduced with NLRP3-Q705K compared to the NLRP3-WT. Upon exposure to alum, THP-1 cells stably expressing NLRP3-Q705K displayed an increased release of IL-1ß, IL-18 and TNF-a, in a caspase-1 and IL-1 receptor-dependent manner.

Conclusions

Collectively, these findings show that the Q705K polymorphism in NLRP3 is a gain-of-function alteration leading to an overactive NLRP3 inflammasome. The option of IL-1ß blockade may be considered in patients with chronic inflammatory disorders that are unresponsive to conventional treatments.

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