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PLoS By Category | Recent PLoS Articles
Biochemistry - Hematology

Kindlins, Integrin Activation and the Regulation of Talin Recruitment to aIIbß3
Published: Friday, March 23, 2012
Author: Bryan N. Kahner et al.

by Bryan N. Kahner, Hisashi Kato, Asoka Banno, Mark H. Ginsberg, Sanford J. Shattil, Feng Ye

Talins and kindlins bind to the integrin ß3 cytoplasmic tail and both are required for effective activation of integrin aIIbß3 and resulting high-affinity ligand binding in platelets. However, binding of the talin head domain alone to ß3 is sufficient to activate purified integrin aIIbß3 in vitro. Since talin is localized to the cytoplasm of unstimulated platelets, its re-localization to the plasma membrane and to the integrin is required for activation. Here we explored the mechanism whereby kindlins function as integrin co-activators. To test whether kindlins regulate talin recruitment to plasma membranes and to aIIbß3, full-length talin and kindlin recruitment to ß3 was studied using a reconstructed CHO cell model system that recapitulates agonist-induced aIIbß3 activation. Over-expression of kindlin-2, the endogenous kindlin isoform in CHO cells, promoted PAR1-mediated and talin-dependent ligand binding. In contrast, shRNA knockdown of kindlin-2 inhibited ligand binding. However, depletion of kindlin-2 by shRNA did not affect talin recruitment to the plasma membrane, as assessed by sub-cellular fractionation, and neither over-expression of kindlins nor depletion of kindlin-2 affected talin interaction with aIIbß3 in living cells, as monitored by bimolecular fluorescence complementation. Furthermore, talin failed to promote kindlin-2 association with aIIbß3 in CHO cells. In addition, purified talin and kindlin-3, the kindlin isoform expressed in platelets, failed to promote each other's binding to the ß3 cytoplasmic tail in vitro. Thus, kindlins do not promote initial talin recruitment to aIIbß3, suggesting that they co-activate integrin through a mechanism independent of recruitment.