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Immunology - Microbiology - Molecular Biology - Respiratory Medicine - Virology

Porcine Fc?RIIb Mediates Enhancement of Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome Virus (PRRSV) Infection
Published: Thursday, December 29, 2011
Author: Songlin Qiao et al.

by Songlin Qiao, Zhizheng Jiang, Xiaohui Tian, Rui Wang, Guangxu Xing, Bo Wan, Dengke Bao, Yonghui Liu, Huifang Hao, Junqing Guo, Gaiping Zhang

Antibody-dependent enhancement (ADE) of virus infection caused by the uptake of virus-antibody complexes by Fc?Rs is a significant obstacle to the development of effective vaccines to control certain human and animal viral diseases. The activation Fc?Rs, including Fc?RI and Fc?RIIa have been shown to mediate ADE infection of virus. In the present paper, we showed that pocine Fc?RIIb, an inhibitory Fc?R, mediates ADE of PRRSV infection. Stable Marc-145 cell lines expressing poFc?RIIb (Marc-poFc?RII) were established. The relative yield of progeny virus was significantly increased in the presence of sub-neutralization anti-PRRSV antibody. The Fab fragment and normal porcine sera had no effect. Anti-poFc?RII antibody inhibited the enhancement of infection when cells were infected in the presence of anti-PRRSV antibody, but not when cells were infected in the absence of antibody. These results indicate that enhancement of infection in these cells by anti-PRRSV virus antibody is Fc?RII-mediated. Identification of the inhibitory Fc?R mediating ADE infection should expand our understanding of the mechanisms of pathogenesis for a broad range of infectious diseases and may open many approaches for improvements to the treatment and prevention of such diseases.