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Critical Care and Emergency Medicine - Infectious Diseases - Respiratory Medicine


Timing of Enteral Feeding in Cerebral Malaria in Resource-Poor Settings: A Randomized Trial
Published: Wednesday, November 16, 2011
Author: Richard J. Maude et al.

by Richard J. Maude, Gofranul Hoque, Mahtab Uddin Hasan, Abu Sayeed, Shahena Akter, Rasheda Samad, Badrul Alam, Emran Bin Yunus, Ridwanur Rahman, Waliur Rahman, Romal Chowdhury, Tapan Seal, Prakaykaew Charunwatthana, Christina C. Chang, Nicholas J. White, M. Abul Faiz, Nicholas P. J. Day, Arjen M. Dondorp, Amir Hossain

Background

Early start of enteral feeding is an established treatment strategy in intubated patients in intensive care since it reduces invasive bacterial infections and length of hospital stay. There is equipoise whether early enteral feeding is also beneficial in non-intubated patients with cerebral malaria in resource poor settings. We hypothesized that the risk of aspiration pneumonia might outweigh the potential benefits of earlier recovery and prevention of hypoglycaemia.

Method and Findings

A randomized trial of early (day of admission) versus late (after 60 hours in adults or 36 hours in children) start of enteral feeding was undertaken in patients with cerebral malaria in Chittagong, Bangladesh from May 2008 to August 2009. The primary outcome measures were incidence of aspiration pneumonia, hypoglycaemia and coma recovery time. The trial was terminated after inclusion of 56 patients because of a high incidence of aspiration pneumonia in the early feeding group (9/27 (33%)), compared to the late feeding group (0/29 (0%)), p?=?0.001). One patient in the late feeding group, and none in the early group, had hypoglycaemia during admission. There was no significant difference in overall mortality (9/27 (33%) vs 6/29 (21%), p?=?0.370), but mortality was 5/9 (56%) in patients with aspiration pneumonia.

Conclusions

In conclusion, early start of enteral feeding is detrimental in non-intubated patients with cerebral malaria in many resource-poor settings. Evidence gathered in resource rich settings is not necessarily transferable to resource-poor settings.

Trial Registration

Controlled-Trials.com ISRCTN57488577

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