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PLoS By Category | Recent PLoS Articles
Surgery

Association of MDR1 Gene SNPs and Haplotypes with the Tacrolimus Dose Requirements in Han Chinese Liver Transplant Recipients
Published: Monday, November 14, 2011
Author: Xiaobo Yu et al.

by Xiaobo Yu, Haiyang Xie, Bajin Wei, Min Zhang, Weilin Wang, Jian Wu, Sheng Yan, Shusen Zheng, Lin Zhou

Background

This work seeks to evaluate the association between the C/D ratios (plasma concentration of tacrolimus divided by daily dose of tacrolimus per body weight) of tacrolimus and the haplotypes of MDR1 gene combined by C1236T (rs1128503), G2677A/T (rs2032582) and C3435T (rs1045642), and to further determine the functional significance of haplotypes in the clinical pharmacokinetics of oral tacrolimus in Han Chinese liver transplant recipients.

Methodology/Principal Findings

The tacrolimus blood concentrations were continuously recorded for one month after initial administration, and the peripheral blood DNA from a total of 62 liver transplant recipients was extracted. Genotyping of C1236T, G2677A/T and C3435T was performed, and SNP frequency, Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium, linkage disequilibrium, haplotypes analysis and multiple testing were achieved by software PLINK. C/D ratios of different SNP groups or haplotype groups were compared, with a p value<0.05 considered statistically significant. Linkage studies revealed that C1236T, G2677A/T and C3435T are genetically associated with each other. Patients carrying T-T haplotype combined by C1236T and G2677A/T, and an additional T/T homozygote at either position would require higher dose of tacrolimus. Tacrolimus C/D ratios of liver transplant recipients varied significantly among different haplotype groups of MDR1 gene.

Conclusions

Our studies suggest that the genetic polymorphism could be used as a valuable molecular marker for the prediction of tacrolimus C/D ratios of liver transplant recipients.

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