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Gastroenterology and Hepatology - Immunology - Physiology - Respiratory Medicine - Surgery


NF-?B Induced the Donor Liver Cold Preservation Related Acute Lung Injury in Rat Liver Transplantation Model
Published: Friday, September 16, 2011
Author: An Jiang et al.

by An Jiang, Chang Liu, Yulong Song, Feng Liu, Quanyuan Li, Zheng Wu, Liang Yu, Yi Lv

Background

We have observed at our clinical work that acute lung injury (ALI) often occurs in patients transplanted with donor livers persevered for long time. So, we conducted this study to investigate the influence of cold preservation time (CPT) of donor liver on ALI induced by liver transplantation (LT), and further study the role of nuclear factor-?B (NF-?B) in the process.

Methods

Wistar rats were used as donors and recipients to establish orthotopic rat liver transplantation models. Donor livers were preserved at 4°C for different lengths of time. The effect of NF-?B inhibitor, ammonium pyrrolidinedithiocarbamate (PDTC), on ALI was detected. All samples were harvested after 3 h reperfusion. The severity of liver injury was evaluated first. The expressions of tumor necrosis factor-a (TNF-a) and interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) in liver tissue and liver outflow serum were measured respectively. The severity indexes of ALI, the activity of NF-?B and inhibitor-?Ba (I-?Ba) in lung/liver were measured accordingly.

Results

With the prolonged liver CPT, the liver damage associated indexes and ALI-related indexes all increased significantly. TNF-a and IL-1ß in liver outflow serum increased accordingly, and the activity of NF-?B in liver/lung increased correspondingly. All these ALI-associated indexes could be partially reversed by the use of PDTC.

Conclusions

Extended CPT aggravates the damage of donor liver and induces the expressions of TNF-a and IL-1ß in liver. These inflammatory factors migrate to lung via liver outflow blood and activate NF-?B in lung, inducing ALI finally. NF-?B may play a critical role in LT-related ALI. Patients with or at risk of ALI may benefit from acute anti-inflammatory treatment with PDTC.

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