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Hematology - Oncology


Molecular Characterization of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Patients with a High Number of Losses in 13q14
Published: Tuesday, November 13, 2012
Author: Ana Eugenia Rodríguez et al.

by Ana Eugenia Rodríguez, Jose Ángel Hernández, Rocío Benito, Norma C. Gutiérrez, Juan Luis García, María Hernández-Sánchez, Alberto Risueño, M. Eugenia Sarasquete, Encarna Fermiñán, Rosa Fisac, Alfonso García de Coca, Guillermo Martín-Núñez, Natalia de las Heras, Isabel Recio, Oliver Gutiérrez, Javier De Las Rivas, Marcos González, Jesús M. Hernández-Rivas

Background

Patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia and 13q deletion as their only FISH abnormality could have a different outcome depending on the number of cells displaying this aberration. Thus, cases with a high number of 13q- cells (13q-H) had both shorter overall survival and time to first therapy. The goal of the study was to analyze the genetic profile of 13q-H patients.

Design and Methods:

A total of 102 samples were studied, 32 of which served as a validation cohort and five were healthy donors.

Results

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia patients with higher percentages of 13q- cells (>80%) showed a different level of gene expression as compared to patients with lower percentages (<80%, 13q-L). This deregulation affected genes involved in apoptosis and proliferation (BCR and NFkB signaling), leading to increased proliferation and decreased apoptosis in 13q-H patients. Deregulation of several microRNAs, such as miR-15a, miR-155, miR-29a and miR-223, was also observed in these patients. In addition, our study also suggests that the gene expression pattern of 13q-H cases could be similar to the patients with 11q- or 17p-.

Conclusions

This study provides new evidence regarding the heterogeneity of 13q deletion in chronic lymphocytic leukemia patients, showing that apoptosis, proliferation as well as miRNA regulation are involved in cases with higher percentages of 13q- cells.

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