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Non-Clinical Medicine - Respiratory Medicine - Public Health and Epidemiology

Humans as Animal Sentinels for Forecasting Asthma Events: Helping Health Services Become More Responsive
Published: Wednesday, October 31, 2012
Author: Ireneous N. Soyiri et al.

by Ireneous N. Soyiri, Daniel D. Reidpath

The concept of forecasting asthma using humans as animal sentinels is uncommon. This study explores the plausibility of predicting future asthma daily admissions using retrospective data in London (2005–2006). Negative binomial regressions were used in modeling; allowing the non-contiguous autoregressive components. Selected lags were based on partial autocorrelation function (PACF) plot with a maximum lag of 7 days. The model was contrasted with naïve historical and seasonal models. All models were cross validated. Mean daily asthma admission in 2005 was 27.9 and in 2006 it was 28.9. The lags 1, 2, 3, 6 and 7 were independently associated with daily asthma admissions based on their PACF plots. The lag model prediction of peak admissions were often slightly out of synchronization with the actual data, but the days of greater admissions were better matched than the days of lower admissions. A further investigation across various populations is necessary.