by Ashish Saroha, Saravanan Kumar, Bishnu P. Chatterjee, Hasi R. Das
Glycosylation studies of plasma proteins can reveal information about the onset and progression of diseases, where in the glycan biosynthetic pathways are disturbed as in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The present study was focused on analysis of O-linked glycoproteins of plasma in RA patients. Two dimensional gel electrophoresis of jacalin bound plasma of RA patients revealed a number of differentially expressed protein spots as compared to healthy controls. Eighteen protein spots were found to have statistically significant (p<0.05) difference in their expression level from four sets of gels and were identified by MALDI-TOF MS. Most of the identified proteins were predicted to be O-glycosylated proteins by Net–O-Gly 3.1 algorithm. Among these the alpha 2HS glycoprotein (A2HSG) was found to be down regulated whereas inter alpha trypsin inhibitor H4 (ITIH4) was up regulated and this was validated by Western blotting. The glycosylation studies showed the reduced N-linked sialylation of A2HSG in RA patients. Altered glycoprotein expression and functional as well as structural studies of glycans might help in the diagnosis of RA and understanding the disease pathogenesis.