PLoS By Category | Recent PLoS Articles

Neurological Disorders - Physiology - Radiology and Medical Imaging

Hemispherically-Unified Surface Maps of Human Cerebral Cortex: Reliability and Hemispheric Asymmetries
Published: Tuesday, September 18, 2012
Author: Xiaojian Kang et al.

by Xiaojian Kang, Timothy J. Herron, Anthony D. Cate, E. William Yund, David L. Woods

Understanding the anatomical and structural organization of the cerebral cortex is facilitated by surface-based analysis enabled by FreeSurfer, Caret, and related tools. Here, we examine the precision of FreeSurfer parcellation of the cortex and introduce a method to align FreeSurfer-registered left and right hemispheres onto a common template in order to characterize hemispheric asymmetries. The results are visualized using Mollweide projections, an area-preserving map. The regional distribution, inter-hemispheric asymmetries and intersubject variability in cortical curvature, sulcal depth, cortical thickness, and cortical surface area of 138 young, right handed subjects were analyzed on the Mollweide projection map of the common spherical space. The results show that gyral and sulcal structures are aligned with high but variable accuracy in different cortical regions and show consistent hemispheric asymmetries that are maximal in posterior temporal regions.