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Biophysics - Oncology - Physiology - Radiology and Medical Imaging

A Study on the Dose Distributions in Various Materials from an Ir-192 HDR Brachytherapy Source
Published: Wednesday, September 05, 2012
Author: Shih-Ming Hsu et al.

by Shih-Ming Hsu, Chin-Hui Wu, Jeng-Hung Lee, Ya-Ju Hsieh, Chun-Yen Yu, Yi-Jen Liao, Li-Cheng Kuo, Ji-An Liang, David Y. C. Huang

Dose distributions of 192Ir HDR brachytherapy in phantoms simulating water, bone, lung tissue, water-lung and bone-lung interfaces using the Monte Carlo codes EGS4, FLUKA and MCNP4C are reported. Experiments were designed to gather point dose measurements to verify the Monte Carlo results using Gafchromic film, radiophotoluminescent glass dosimeter, solid water, bone, and lung phantom. The results for radial dose functions and anisotropy functions in solid water phantom were consistent with previously reported data (Williamson and Li). The radial dose functions in bone were affected more by depth than those in water. Dose differences between homogeneous solid water phantoms and solid water-lung interfaces ranged from 0.6% to 14.4%. The range between homogeneous bone phantoms and bone-lung interfaces was 4.1% to 15.7%. These results support the understanding in dose distribution differences in water, bone, lung, and their interfaces. Our conclusion is that clinical parameters did not provide dose calculation accuracy for different materials, thus suggesting that dose calculation of HDR treatment planning systems should take into account material density to improve overall treatment quality.