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Geriatrics - Non-Clinical Medicine - Physiology - Public Health and Epidemiology

Living Arrangement and Life Satisfaction in Older Malaysians: The Mediating Role of Social Support Function
Published: Friday, August 17, 2012
Author: Hadi Kooshiar et al.

by Hadi Kooshiar, Nurizan Yahaya, Tengku Aizan Hamid, Asnarulkhadi Abu Samah, Vajiheh Sedaghat Jou


This cross-sectional and correlational survey examines the association between different types of living arrangements and life satisfaction in older Malaysians, while taking into account the mediating effects of social support function.

Methodology and Findings

A total of 1880 of older adults were selected by multistage stratified sampling. Life satisfaction and social support were measured with the Philadelphia Geriatric Center Morale Scale and Medical Outcomes Study Social Support Survey. The result shows living with children as the commonest type of living arrangement for older adults in peninsular Malaysia. Compared to living alone, living only with a spouse especially and then co-residency with children were both associated with better life satisfaction (p<.01) and social support function (p<.01). The mediating effect of social support function enhanced the relation between living arrangements and life satisfaction.


This study revealed that types of living arrangement directly, and indirectly through social support function, play an important role in predicting life satisfaction for older adults in Malaysia. This study makes remarkable contributions to the Convoy model in older Malaysians.