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Ophthalmology - Pathology


Association between Variant Y402H in Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD) Susceptibility Gene CFH and Treatment Response of AMD: A Meta-Analysis
Published: Tuesday, August 14, 2012
Author: Han Chen et al.

by Han Chen, Ke-Da Yu, Ge-Zhi Xu

Purpose

To investigate the association between polymorphism rs1061170 (T1277C, Y402H) in age-related macular degeneration (AMD) susceptibility gene Complement Factor H (CFH) and treatment response of neovascular AMD.

Methods

We performed a literature-based meta-analysis including 10 published association studies involving 1,510 patients. Treatments included anti-VEGF (bevacizumab and ranibizumab) or photodynamic therapy. Summary odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated using fixed- and random-effects models. Q-statistic test was used to assess heterogeneity.

Results

Polymorphism rs1061170 showed a significant summary OR of 1.68 (95% CI, 1.09 to 2.60; P?=?0.020; CC versus TT; random-effects) for treatment response of neovascular AMD with heterogeneity of 0.09. In subgroup analysis, rs1061170 was more likely to be a predictor of response to anti-VEGF therapy (P?=?0.011). However, heterozygous TC genotype was not associated with altered treatment response (OR?=?1.18, 95% CI, 0.95 to 1.47; P?=?0.145; fixed-effects). Influence analysis indicated the robustness of our findings.

Conclusions

rs1061170 might be associated with treatment response of neovascular AMD, especially for the anti-VEGF agents. It might be the first meta-analytically confirmed genetic marker predictive for AMD treatment response though a further validation in larger studies is needed.

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