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Incidence of Epileptiform EEG Activity in Children during Mask Induction of Anaesthesia with Brief Administration of 8% Sevoflurane
Published: Thursday, July 19, 2012
Author: Barbara Schultz et al.

by Barbara Schultz, Christian Otto, Arthur Schultz, Wilhelm Alexander Osthaus, Terence Krauß, Thorben Dieck, Björn Sander, Niels Rahe-Meyer, Konstantinos Raymondos

Background

A high incidence of epileptiform activity in the electroencephalogram (EEG) was reported in children undergoing mask induction of anaesthesia with administration of high doses of sevoflurane for 5 minutes and longer. This study was performed to investigate whether reducing the time of exposure to a high inhaled sevoflurane concentration would affect the incidence of epileptiform EEG activity. It was hypothesized that no epileptiform activity would occur, when the inhaled sevoflurane concentration would be reduced from 8% to 4% immediately after the loss of consciousness.

Methodology/Principal Findings

70 children (age 7–96 months, ASA I–II, premedication with midazolam) were anaesthetized with 8% sevoflurane in 100% oxygen via face mask. Immediately after loss of consciousness, the sevoflurane concentration was reduced to 4%. EEGs were recorded continuously and were later analyzed visually with regard to epileptiform EEG patterns. Sevoflurane at a concentration of 8% was given for 1.2±0.4 min (mean ± SD). In 14 children (20%) epileptiform EEG patterns without motor manifestations were observed (delta with spikes (DSP), rhythmic polyspikes (PSR), epileptiform discharges (PED) in 10, 10, 4 children (14%, 14%, 6%)). 38 children (54%) had slow, rhythmic delta waves with high amplitudes (DS) appearing on average before DSP.

Conclusions/Significance

The hypothesis that no epileptiform potentials would occur during induction of anaesthesia with a reduction of the inspired sevoflurane concentration from 8% to 4% directly after LOC was not proved. Even if 8% sevoflurane is administered only briefly for induction of anaesthesia, epileptiform EEG activity may be observed in children despite premedication with midazolam.

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