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Gastroenterology and Hepatology - Oncology - Pathology - Surgery


ALCAM (CD166) Expression and Serum Levels in Pancreatic Cancer
Published: Wednesday, June 20, 2012
Author: Michael Tachezy et al.

by Michael Tachezy, Hilke Zander, Andreas H. Marx, Phillip R. Stahl, Florian Gebauer, Jakob R. Izbicki, Maximilian Bockhorn

Background

This study was conducted to evaluate the expression of the activated leukocyte cell adhesion molecule (ALCAM) in pancreatic cancer (PAC) and to determine whether or not the ectodomain shedding of ALCAM (s-ALCAM) could serve as a biomarker in the peripheral blood of PAC patients.

Material and Methods

Tissue specimens and blood sera of patients with PAC (n?=?264 and n?=?116, respectively) and the sera of 115 patients with chronic pancreatitis (CP) were analyzed via ALCAM immunohistochemistry and s-ALCAM ELISA tests. Results were correlated with clinical, histopathological, and patient survival data (Chi-square test, Kaplan-Meier analysis, log-rank test, respectively).

Results

ALCAM was expressed in the majority of PAC lesions. Immunohistochemistry and serum ELISA tests revealed no association between ALCAM expression in primary tumors or s-ALCAM and clinical or histopathological data. Neither ALCAM nor s-ALCAM showed a significant impact regarding overall survival (p?=?0.261 and p?=?0.660, respectively). S-ALCAM serum levels were significantly elevated compared to the sera of CP patients (p<0.001). The sensitivity of s-ALCAM in detecting PAC was 58.6% at a specificity of 73.9% (AUC?=?0.69).

Conclusions

ALCAM is expressed in the majority of PAC lesions, but statistical analysis revealed no association with clinical or pathological data. Although significantly elevated in patients with PAC, the sensitivity and specificity of the s-ALCAM serum quantification test was low. Therefore, its potential as a novel diagnostic marker for PAC remains elusive and further investigations are required.

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