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Seroepidemiology of Human Bocavirus Infection in Jamaica
Published: Tuesday, May 29, 2012
Author: Joshua W. Hustedt et al.

by Joshua W. Hustedt, Celia Christie, Madison M. Hustedt, Daina Esposito, Marietta Vazquez

Background

Human bocavirus (HBoV) is a newly identified human parvovirus. HBoV is associated with upper and lower respiratory tract infections and gastroenteritis in children. Little is known about the seroepidemiology of HBoV in populations in the Caribbean.

Methods

In a cross-sectional study conducted at the University Hospital of the West Indies in Kingston, Jamaica, 287 blood samples were collected from pediatric patients and tested for the presence of HBoV-specific antibody using a virus-like-particle based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).

Results

HBoV-specific antibodies were found to be present in 220/287 (76.7%) of samples collected from the pediatric population. Seroprevalence of HBoV was highest in those =2 years old. The seroepidemiological profile suggests that most children are exposed to HBoV during the first two years of life in Jamaica.

Conclusion

HBoV infection is common in children in Jamaica. HBoV seroprevalence rates in the Caribbean are similar to those previously reported in other areas of the world.

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