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Gastroenterology and Hepatology - Pharmacology - Surgery

Continuous Regional Arterial Infusion with Fluorouracil and Octreotide Attenuates Severe Acute Pancreatitis in a Canine Model
Published: Thursday, May 24, 2012
Author: Meng Tao Zhou et al.

by Meng Tao Zhou, Bi Cheng Chen, Hong Wei Sun, Yue Peng Jin, Fa Jing Yang, Xing Zhang, Roland Andersson, Qi Yu Zhang


To investigate the therapeutic effects of fluorouracil (5-Fu) and octreotide (Oct) continuous regional arterial infusion (CRAI,) alone or in combination, was administered in a canine model of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP).

Materials and Methods

The animals were divided into five groups; group A (Sham), group B (SAP), group C (SAP and 5-Fu), group D (SAP and Oct), and group E (SAP and 5-Fu + Oct). Levels of amylase, a-tumor necrosis factor (TNF-a), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine, thromboxane B2 and 6-keto- prostaglandin F1a were measured both before and after the induction of SAP. Pathologic examination of the pancreas and kidneys was performed after termination of the study.


Pathologic changes noted in the pancreas in SAP significantly improved following CRAI with either single or combined administration of 5-Fu and Oct, where combination therapy demonstrated the lowest injury score. All treatment groups had significantly lower levels of serum TNF-a and amylase activity (P<0.05), though only groups D and E had a lower BUN level as compared to group B. The plasma thromboxane B2 level increased in SAP, but the ratio of thromboxane B2/6-keto- prostaglandin F1a decreased in the treatment groups, with the combination therapy (group E) demonstrating the lowest ratio as compared to the other 3 experimental groups (P<0.05).


The findings in the present study demonstrate an attenuation of SAP in a canine model following CRAI administration with 5-Fu or Oct, alone or in combination.