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Gastroenterology and Hepatology - Public Health and Epidemiology - Surgery


Pre-Existing Diseases of Patients Increase Susceptibility to Hypoxemia during Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Published: Tuesday, May 22, 2012
Author: Yanhua Long et al.

by Yanhua Long, Hui-Hui Liu, Changhong Yu, Xia Tian, Yi-Ran Yang, Cheng Wang, Yajuan Pan

Hypoxemia is the most common adverse event that happened during gastrointestinal endoscopy. To estimate risk of hypoxemia prior to endoscopy, American Society of Anesthesiology (ASA) classification scores were used as a major predictive factor. But the accuracy of ASA scores for predicting hypoxemia incidence was doubted here, considering that the classification system ignores much information about general health status and fitness of patient that may contribute to hypoxemia. In this retrospective review of clinical data collected prospectively, the data on 4904 procedures were analyzed. The Pearson’s chi-square test or the Fisher exact test was employed to analyze variance of categorical factors. Continuous variables were statistically evaluated using t-tests or Analysis of variance (ANOVA). As a result, only 245 (5.0%) of the enrolled 4904 patients were found to present hypoxemia during endoscopy. Multivariable logistic regressions revealed that independent risk factors for hypoxemia include high BMI (BMI 30 versus 20, Odd ratio: 1.52, 95% CI: 1.13–2.05; P?=?0.0098), hypertension (Odd ratio: 2.28, 95% CI: 1.44–3.60; P?=?0.0004), diabetes (Odd ratio: 2.37, 95% CI: 1.30–4.34; P?=?0.005), gastrointestinal diseases (Odd ratio: 1.77, 95% CI: 1.21–2.60; P?=?0.0033), heart diseases (Odd ratio: 1.97, 95% CI: 1.06–3.68; P?=?0.0325) and the procedures that combined esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) and colonoscopy (Odd ratio: 4.84, 95% CI: 1.61–15.51; P?=?0.0292; EGD as reference). It is noteworthy that ASA classification scores were not included as an independent predictive factor, and susceptibility of youth to hypoxemia during endoscopy was as high as old subjects. In conclusion, some certain pre-existing diseases of patients were newly identified as independent risk factors for hypoxemia during GI endoscopy. High ASA scores are a confounding predictive factor of pre-existing diseases. We thus recommend that youth (=18 yrs), obese patients and those patients with hypertension, diabetes, heart diseases, or GI diseases should be monitored closely during sedation endoscopy.
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