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Gastroenterology and Hepatology - Infectious Diseases - Oncology


Prediction of Liver-Related Events Using Fibroscan in Chronic Hepatitis B Patients Showing Advanced Liver Fibrosis
Published: Friday, May 04, 2012
Author: Seung Up Kim et al.

by Seung Up Kim, Ji Hoon Lee, Do Young Kim, Sang Hoon Ahn, Kyu Sik Jung, Eun Hee Choi, Young Nyun Park, Kwang-Hyub Han, Chae Yoon Chon, Jun Yong Park

Background

Liver stiffness measurement (LSM) using transient elastography (FibroScan®) can assess liver fibrosis noninvasively. This study investigated whether LSM can predict the development of liver-related events (LREs) in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients showing histologically advanced liver fibrosis.

Methods

Between March 2006 and April 2010, 128 CHB patients with who underwent LSM and liver biopsy (LB) before starting nucleot(s)ide analogues and showed histologically advanced fibrosis (=F3) with a high viral loads [HBV DNA =2,000 IU/mL] were enrolled. All patients were followed regularly to detect LRE development, including hepatic decompensation (variceal bleeding, ascites, hepatic encephalopathy, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, hepatorenal syndrome) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).

Results

The mean age of the patient (72 men, 56 women) was 52.2 years. During the median follow-up period [median 27.8 (12.6–61.6) months], LREs developed in 19 (14.8%) patients (five with hepatic decompensation, 13 with HCC, one with both). Together with age, multivariate analysis identified LSM as an independent predictor of LRE development [P<0.044; hazard ratio (HR), 1.038; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.002–1.081]. When the study population was stratified into two groups using the optimal cutoff value (19 kPa), which maximized the sum of sensitivity (61.1%) and specificity (86.2%) from a time-dependent receiver operating characteristic curve, patients with LSM>19 kPa were at significantly greater risk than those with LSM=19 kPa for LRE development (HR, 7.176; 95% CI, 2.257–22.812; P?=?0.001).

Conclusion

LSM can be a useful predictor of LRE development in CHB patients showing histologically advanced liver fibrosis.

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