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Critical Care and Emergency Medicine - Physiology

Time Distribution of the Onset of Chest Pain in Subjects with Acute ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction: An Eight-Year, Single-Center Study in China
Published: Monday, March 12, 2012
Author: En-Zhi Jia et al.

by En-Zhi Jia, Zhen-Xia Xu, Hong-Zhou Cai, Chang–Yan Guo, Li Li, Tie-Bing Zhu, Lian-Sheng Wang, Ke-Jiang Cao, Wen-Zhu Ma, Zhi-Jian Yang


The objective of this study was to explore the time distribution patterns of the onset of chest pain in subjects with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction in a Chinese population.


A total of 1467 patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction were enrolled from 2003 to 2010. The hourly, daily, monthly, seasonal and day-of-week fluctuations in the prevalence of acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction were analyzed.


A peak was found between the morning hours of 07:31 and 08:30. A second peak was observed between 14:31 and 15:30, and a third peak was found between 23:31 and 00:30 (p<0.001). The monthly maximum was recorded in November and the minimum was in April (p<0.001). The number of daily cases was greatest in autumn and lowest in the spring (p?=?0.001). Day-of-the-week variations of ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction were not found, except in patients more than 75-years-old.


Periodic variations in the frequency of ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction in Chinese patients showed significant differences with regard to diurnal, monthly and seasonal patterns. The exact mechanisms underlying these circadian variations require further study.