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Non-Clinical Medicine - Ophthalmology - Surgery

Comparison of Blue Light-Filtering IOLs and UV Light-Filtering IOLs for Cataract Surgery: A Meta-Analysis
Published: Wednesday, March 07, 2012
Author: Xiao-feng Zhu et al.

by Xiao-feng Zhu, Hai-dong Zou, Yong-fu Yu, Qian Sun, Nai-qing Zhao


A number of published randomized controlled trials have been conducted to evaluate visual performance of blue light-filtering intraocular lenses (IOL) and UV light-filtering intraocular lenses (IOL) after cataract phacoemulsification surgery. However, results have not always been consistent. Therefore, we carried out a meta-analysis to compare the effectiveness of blue light-filtering IOLs versus UV light-filtering IOLs in cataract surgery.

Methods and Findings

Comprehensive searches of PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library and the Chinese BioMedical literature databases were performed using web-based search engines. Fifteen trials (1690 eyes) were included for systematic review, and 11 of 15 studies were included in this meta-analysis. The results showed that there were no significant differences in postoperative mean best corrected visual acuity, contrast sensitivity, overall color vision, or in the blue light spectrum under photopic light conditions between blue light-filtering IOLs and UV light-filtering IOLs [WMD?=?-0.01, 95%CI (-0.03, 0.01), P?=?0.46; WMD?=?0.07, 95%CI (-0.04, 0.19), P?=?0.20; SMD?=?0.14, 95%CI (-0.33, 0.60), P?=?0.566; SMD?=?0.20, 95%CI (-0.04, 0.43), P?=?0.099]. However, color vision with blue light-filtering IOLs was significantly reduced in the blue light spectrum under mesopic light conditions [SMD?=?0.74, 95%CI (0.29, 1.18), P?=?0.001].


This meta-analysis demonstrates that postoperative visual performance with blue light-filtering IOLs is approximately equal to that of UV light-filtering IOLs after cataract surgery, but color vision with blue light-filtering IOLs demonstrated some compromise in the blue light spectrum under mesopic light conditions.