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Immunology - Infectious Diseases

Class IA Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase p110a Regulates Phagosome Maturation
Published: Wednesday, August 22, 2012
Author: Emily P. Thi et al.

by Emily P. Thi, Ulrike Lambertz, Neil E. Reiner

Of the various phosphatidylinositol 3- kinases (PI3Ks), only the class III enzyme Vps34 has been shown to regulate phagosome maturation. During studies of phagosome maturation in THP-1 cells deficient in class IA PI3K p110a, we discovered that this PI3K isoform is required for vacuole maturation to progress beyond acquisition of Rab7 leading to delivery of lysosomal markers. Bead phagosomes from THP-1 cells acquired p110a and contained PI3P and PI(3,4,5)P3; however, p110a and PI(3,4,5)P3 levels in phagosomes from p110a knockdown cells were decreased. Phagosomes from p110a knock down cells showed normal acquisition of both Rab5 and EEA-1, but were markedly deficient in the lysosomal markers LAMP-1 and LAMP-2, and the lysosomal hydrolase, ß-galactosidase. Phagosomes from p110a deficient cells also displayed impaired fusion with Texas Red dextran-loaded lysosomes. Despite lacking lysosomal components, phagosomes from p110a deficient cells recruited normal levels of Rab7, Rab-interacting lysosomal protein (RILP) and homotypic vacuole fusion and protein sorting (HOPs) components Vps41 and Vps16. The latter observations demonstrated that phagosomal Rab7 was active and capable of recruiting effectors involved in membrane fusion. Nevertheless, active Rab7 was not sufficient to bring about the delivery of lysosomal proteins to the maturing vacuole, which is shown for the first time to be dependent on a class I PI3K.