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Inhibition of PDGF-B Induction and Cell Growth by Syndecan-1 Involves the Ubiquitin and SUMO-1 Ligase, Topors
Published: Friday, August 17, 2012
Author: Kathleen R. Braun et al.

by Kathleen R. Braun, Allison M. DeWispelaere, Steven L. Bressler, Nozomi Fukai, Richard D. Kenagy, Lihua Chen, Alexander W. Clowes, Michael G. Kinsella

Syndecans are receptors for soluble ligands, including heparin-binding growth factors, and matrix proteins. However, intracellular targets of syndecan-1 (Sdc-1)-mediated signaling are not fully understood. A yeast two-hybrid protein interaction screening of a mouse embryo library identified the ubiquitin and SUMO-1 E3 ligase, Topors, as a novel ligand of the Sdc-1 cytoplasmic domain (S1CD), a finding confirmed by ligand blotting and co-precipitation with Sdc-1 from cell lysates. Deletion mutagenesis identified an 18-amino acid sequence of Topors required for the interaction with the S1CD. By immunohistochemistry, Topors and Sdc-1 co-localized near the cell periphery in normal murine mammary gland (NMuMG) cells in vitro and in mouse embryonic epithelia in vivo. Finally, siRNA-mediated knockdown of Topors demonstrated that Topors is a growth promoter for murine arterial smooth muscle cells and is required for the inhibitory effect of Sdc-1 on cell growth and platelet-derived growth factor-B induction. These data suggest a novel mechanism for the inhibitory effects of Sdc-1 on cell growth that involves the interaction between the cytoplasmic domain of Sdc-1 and the SUMO-1 E3 ligase, Topors.