Japan Becomes First Country To Approve Roche (RHHBY)'s Alectinib For People With A Specific Form Of Advanced Lung Cancer
7/7/2014 9:44:27 AM
Data showed that over 90 percent of Japanese people in the study responded to treatment with
Roche (SIX: RO, ROG; OTCQX: RHHBY) today announced that the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour
and Welfare (MHLW) has approved alectinib for the treatment of people living with non-small cell lung
cancer (NSCLC) that is anaplastic lymphoma kinase fusion gene-positive (ALK+). The approval was based
on results from a Japanese Phase I/II clinical study (AF-001JP) for people whose tumours were advanced,
recurrent or could not be removed completely through surgery (unresectable).
“The approval of alectinib, a treatment specifically targeted to ALK+ lung cancer, in Japan is great
news for people living with this difficult to treat disease,” said Sandra Horning MD, Roche’s Chief
Medical Officer and Head of Global Product Development. “Another interesting aspect of alectinib is
that based on early studies it may also work in people living with tumours that have spread to the
brain, a difficult area to reach with current medicines. Our research will continue in this area."
Alectinib is expected to be made available in Japan later this year. Alectinib was also granted Breakthrough
Therapy Designation (BTD) by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in June 2013 for patients with
ALK+ NSCLC who progressed on crizotinib. BTD is designed to expedite the development and review of
medicines intended to treat serious diseases and to help ensure patients have access to them through FDA
approval as soon as possible.
Global pivotal studies are currently ongoing which will further inform on the clinical value of alectinib in this
disease setting as well as in treatment-naïve patients. The results of these studies will be used in future
regulatory submissions in the US and in Europe.
About the Japanese Phase I/II study (AF-001JP)
This trial was conducted in 13 medical institutions in ALK fusion gene positive recurrent or advanced nonsmall
cell lung cancer patients with a treatment history of one or more chemotherapy regimens.
The trial consisted of two phases: Phase I that evaluated safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetic parameters and
recommended dose (24 patients), and a Phase II part that evaluated the efficacy and safety of the
recommended dose (46 patients). The primary endpoint was response rate.
Japanese Phase I/II study (AF-001JP) results
The Phase I part of the study determined a recommended dose of 300 mg twice daily. No dose limiting
toxicity was observed.
• The Phase II portion of the study was conducted using the recommended dose, and demonstrated a
response rate of 93.5% (43/46 patients; 95%CI: 82.1-98.6%).
o 14 patients entered the study with Central Nervous System (CNS) metastases1
o 9 of the 14 patients remained in the study without CNS or systemic progression for more than 12
• Progression Free Survival (PFS) at 12 months was measured as 83% (95% CI: 68-92%)1
• There were no treatment-related deaths and/or grade 4 or higher serious adverse reactions assessed
according to CTCAE (Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events) defined by the Japan Clinical
Oncology Group. The most frequently observed grade 3 or higher adverse reaction was neutropenia, and
the incidence of the adverse event was 4 out of 58 patients (6.9%) who were treated with 300 mg twice
daily, the approved dose.
Alectinib (RG7853/AF-802/RO5424802/CH5424802) is an investigational oral medicine created at Chugai
Kamakura Research Laboratories and is being developed for people with NSCLC whose tumours are
identified as ALK+. ALK+ NSCLC is often found in younger people, women and those who have a light or
non-smoking history. It is almost always found in people with a specific type of NSCLC, adenocarcinoma.
Early studies with alectinib have shown activity on brain metastases, indicating that the drug may be taken up
in the brain. The brain is protected by the blood-brain barrier, a network of tightly joined cells that line the
inside of the blood vessels in the brain and spinal cord. One of the ways the blood-brain barrier prevents
molecules from affecting the brain is to actively eject them from the barrier through a process known as ‘active efflux.’ The active efflux system does not recognise alectinib, which means that it may travel into and
throughout brain tissue.
The Global Phase 3 studies2 of alectinib include a companion test co-developed with Ventana Medical
Systems, Inc., a member of the Roche Group. Alectinib will be marketed in Japan by Chugai Pharmaceutical,
a member of the Roche Group.
About Roche in lung cancer
Lung cancer is a major area of focus and investment for Roche, and we are committed to developing new
approaches, medicines and tests that can help people with this deadly disease. Our goal is to provide an
effective treatment option for every person diagnosed with lung cancer. We currently have two approved
medicines to treat certain kinds of lung cancer and more than 10 medicines being developed to target the
most common genetic drivers of lung cancer or to boost the immune system to combat the disease.
Headquartered in Basel, Switzerland, Roche is a leader in research-focused healthcare with combined
strengths in pharmaceuticals and diagnostics. Roche is the world’s largest biotech company, with truly
differentiated medicines in oncology, immunology, infectious diseases, ophthalmology and neuroscience.
Roche is also the world leader in in vitro diagnostics and tissue-based cancer diagnostics, and a frontrunner
in diabetes management. Roche’s personalised healthcare strategy aims at providing medicines and
diagnostics that enable tangible improvements in the health, quality of life and survival of patients. Founded
in 1896, Roche has been making important contributions to global health for more than a century. Twentyfour
medicines developed by Roche are included in the World Health Organisation Model Lists of Essential
Medicines, among them life-saving antibiotics, antimalarials and chemotherapy.
In 2013 the Roche Group employed over 85,000 people worldwide, invested 8.7 billion Swiss francs in R&D
and posted sales of 46.8 billion Swiss francs. Genentech, in the United States, is a wholly owned member of
the Roche Group. Roche is the majority shareholder in Chugai Pharmaceutical, Japan. For more information,
please visit www.roche.com
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1. . Inoue et al One-year follow-up of a Phase I/II study of a highly selective ALK inhibitor alectinib (CH5424802/RO5424802) in
ALK-rearranged advanced non–small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC); Poster at World Congress of Lung Cancer, Abstract 2591.
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